The Level of Language Used by Madurese in Kalidandan, Pakuniran, Probolinggo
- 10.2991/ahsr.k.200723.021How to use a DOI?
- Language level, Language rules, Madurese
This study aims to know the use of the levels of language and its rules on Madurese in Kalidandan village, Pakuniran, Probolinggo. This study applied a descriptive qualitative approach by listening method and elicitation. It means that the researcher was listened and recorded the Madurese used by the speakers. In addition, the data was also obtained by interview and recording techniques. The results showed that the language level of Madurese has three levels, 1) the level of Enje’ Iyeh; 2) Enggi Enten; and 3) Enggi Bhunten. Enje’ Iyeh is referring to the level of language that it is impolite, Enggi Enten is referring to the level of polite language, and Enggi Bhunten is referring to the level of language that it is very polite. Generally, Enje’ Iyeh is used by older people to young people or it can be used by peers (friends of the same age). Enggi Enten is the second level where the language begins to be refined. Generally, it is used by strangers, son-in-law to parents-in-law, husband-wife, young people to older people, and family relationships. Enggi Bhunten is the most polite language in Madura after the level of Enggi Enten. This use is carried out by younger people to older people or people who are highly respected. In Madura traditions, Enggi Bhunten language is the same as level as Kromo Inggil in Javanese. On the other hand, Madurese has a unique pronunciation rules. One of them is 1) Madurese does not recognize third person pronoun; 2) it has aspirated and non-aspirate phonemes; 3) it does not recognize root morphemes and bound morphemes; 4) every verb ended by phoneme (-a), it is simple future tense; and 5) every verb preceded by phoneme (e-) whether the subject is first person, second person, and the third person, it is classified into passive sentence.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Anwari AU - Wahyu Purnaningtyas AU - Uliyah Hikmah PY - 2020 DA - 2020/07/24 TI - The Level of Language Used by Madurese in Kalidandan, Pakuniran, Probolinggo BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Science, Health, Economics, Education and Technology (ICoSHEET 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 86 EP - 89 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200723.021 DO - 10.2991/ahsr.k.200723.021 ID - 2020 ER -