Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2017)

The Local Wisdom In Marine Resource Conservation In Indonesia: A Case Study Of Newcomers In Pariaman West Sumatra

Authors
Lucky Zamzami, Effendi Nursyiwan, Syahrizal, Ermayanti
Corresponding Author
Lucky Zamzami
Available Online December 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.61How to use a DOI?
Keywords
minangkabau, fishing community, ethnic, local government, new identity
Abstract
This paper examines the local wisdom of new fishing groupshave had tremendous impacts on local marine resource conservation along the coasts ofthe province of West Sumatra. Data were collected from a small number of fishing households in the village of Pariaman Tengah in Pariaman Regency, using mainly qualitative research methods. At the village, traditional fishing areas have been properly benefited by local fishermen. Together with the local government, they have conserved the area, where sea turtles, some species of finfish; mangrove/coral reefs are protected. It was found that the local wisdoms use consist of determining season of fishing and making traditional fishing gear. In former days the available marine resources were abundant, but nowadays the villagers, all of whom belong to the ethnic group of matrilineal Minangkabau, are not so happy with the contemporary maritime situations. Since 20 years ago, on the other hand, many newcomers have flowed into the fishing village of Pariaman Tengah. Being mobilized from other districts in the province of West Sumatra uxorilocally, they have succeeded in establishing their own identity, in forming new groups, and then in having economic powers inside the fishing community as local autonomy. Along with increasing the number of their households and with the growth in income, they are becoming leading actors there to be involved with the local resource conservation for national interest. The newcomers have the local wisdoms for resource conservation are using no harmful gears, commitment not to catch and kill the turtles and commitment not to throw rubbish into the sea.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
December 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-477-4
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.61How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Lucky Zamzami
AU  - Effendi Nursyiwan
AU  - Syahrizal
AU  - Ermayanti
PY  - 2017/12
DA  - 2017/12
TI  - The Local Wisdom In Marine Resource Conservation In Indonesia: A Case Study Of Newcomers In Pariaman West Sumatra
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 391
EP  - 400
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.61
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.61
ID  - Zamzami2017/12
ER  -