Food and Non-Food Consumption Expenditure In Medan City and Its Affecting Factors (Case Study of Java and Batak Tribes)
Jana Putri Utami, Sri Fajar Ayu
Jana Putri Utami
Available Online December 2017.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.75How to use a DOI?
- household consumption, behavioral factors, economy, social environment, food and non-food stock
- Household consumption expenditure is the value of expenditure made by households to purchase various types of needs (food and non-food) within a certain period of time. Based on BPS's data of Medan City Year 2016, the biggest expenditure on non food. With the growing number of people every year, and the more diverse the tribe in Medan City, the more diverse consumption of households in the city of Medan. This research was conducted to analyze the expenditure of food and non-food household consumption in Medan City and the factors that influence it. Factors affecting consumption are behavior, economy, social environment as well as food and non-food stock factors. Determination of location is done purposively (purposive) that is in Medan City with case study choose two biggest tribe in Medan City, that is Java and Batak. Sampling is done by Slovin Method, which is 100 household samples consisting of 62 Javanese and 38 Batak tribe households. The data collected are primary and secondary data. Primary data obtained from questionnaires and secondary data obtained from relevant agencies such as BPS Medan City. Research problem solving using descriptive method and multiple linear regression method. The results of this research are (1) consumption expenditure of Java is dominated by non-food expenditure, namely clothing, footwear, and head covering because they prepare the needs of Idul Fitri holidays. While the Batak tribe is dominated by food expenditure. (2) Factors influencing food consumption expenditure The Javanese is the income factor, while the factors that influence food consumption expenditure of Batak Tribe are consumptive lifestyle factors of food, income and age. (3) Factors affecting non-food consumption expenditure The Javanese is income factor, while the factors affecting non-food consumption expenditure Batak Tribe is the factor of the number of household members.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Jana Putri Utami AU - Sri Fajar Ayu PY - 2017/12 DA - 2017/12 TI - Food and Non-Food Consumption Expenditure In Medan City and Its Affecting Factors (Case Study of Java and Batak Tribes) BT - 2nd International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 488 EP - 501 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.75 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icosop-17.2018.75 ID - PutriUtami2017/12 ER -