Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Biomass (ICSB 2019)

Effects of Torrefaction Using COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer on the Properties of Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) and Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) Pellets

Authors
W Hidayat, T Rubiyanti, Y Sulistio, D A Iryani, A Haryanto, Amrul, J Yoo, S Kim, S Lee, U Hasanudin
Corresponding Authors
W Hidayat, U Hasanudin
Available Online 4 June 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210603.037How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Torrefaction, Wood Pellets, Jabon, Rubberwood, COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer
Abstract

Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) and Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) are two promising species that is widely planted in industrial plantation and community forests in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to improve the properties of rubberwood and jabon pellets through torrefacation. Torrefaction was performed at a temperature of 300°C and a residence time of 3 min, using Counter-Flow Multi Baffle (COMB) Dryer/Pyrolizer. The properties of torrefied wood pellets as equilibrium moisture content (EMC), density, and heating value. Black pellets were succefully obtained after torrefaction using COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer. The EMC of the black pellets from rubberwood and jabon was 3.54% and 2.85%, which is remarkably lower that their initial EMC of 12.25% and 12.76%, for rubberwood and jabon pellets, respectively. The density of black pellets from rubberwood and jabon and decreased 16.18% and 13.44% compared to control. Torrefaction using COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer also increased high heating value of wood pellets to 18.32% and 79.70%, for rubberwood and jabon pellets, respectively. Consequently, torrefaction using the COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer could improve the bioenergetic properties of jabon and rubberwood pellets.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Biomass (ICSB 2019)
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
4 June 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-389-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210603.037How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - W Hidayat
AU  - T Rubiyanti
AU  - Y Sulistio
AU  - D A Iryani
AU  - A Haryanto
AU  - Amrul
AU  - J Yoo
AU  - S Kim
AU  - S Lee
AU  - U Hasanudin
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/06/04
TI  - Effects of Torrefaction Using COMB Dryer/Pyrolizer on the Properties of Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) and Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) Pellets
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Biomass (ICSB 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 209
EP  - 213
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210603.037
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210603.037
ID  - Hidayat2021
ER  -