Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Engineering (ICSE-UIN-SUKA 2021)

Social Behavior of Macaca Fascicularis Raffles (1821) at Various Age Levels in the Banjarnegara Ex-Situ Conservation Area During Pandemic Times

Authors
Dian Muthi Fitria1, *, Najda Rifqiyati1
1Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
*Corresponding author. Email: dianmuthifitria49@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Dian Muthi Fitria
Available Online 23 December 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211222.026How to use a DOI?
Keywords
age level; Macaca fascicularis; pandemic; social behavior
Abstract

Macaca fascicularisis one of the nonhuman primates that live in groups with many males and females (multi male multi female group) so that interactions between individuals often occur. Despite having a wide distribution, M. fascicularis continues to decline in population. One of the efforts to protect M. fascicularis from extinction is to provide an ex-situ conservation area. The purpose of this study was to analyze social behavior at various age levels of M. fascicularis in the Banjarnegara ex-situ conservation area. This research was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic using the focal animal sampling method. The observation object in this research were puppies, juveniles, adult males and adult females. The results showed that the age level of puppies was dominated by affiliation behavior by 50%, The adolescent age level is dominated by grooming and playing behavior by 46.1%, while the adult age level is dominated by grooming behavior by 60.2%. The social behavior that most often appears is grooming with a frequency of 233.33 times at the adult age level and the behavior that rarely appears is agonistic behavior as much as 8.5 times at the adolescent age level. The longest duration of social behavior was found in adult grooming for 80.4 (seconds). The conclusion of this study is that the social behaviors observed during the pandemic include grooming, agonistic, sexual, affiliation and play. Most of the social behavior of M. fascicularis in ex-situ conservation areas experienced an increase in frequency compared to before the pandemic, except for agonistic behavior which decreased in frequency during the pandemic.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Engineering (ICSE-UIN-SUKA 2021)
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
23 December 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-494-0
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211222.026How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dian Muthi Fitria
AU  - Najda Rifqiyati
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/12/23
TI  - Social Behavior of Macaca Fascicularis Raffles (1821) at Various Age Levels in the Banjarnegara Ex-Situ Conservation Area During Pandemic Times
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Science and Engineering (ICSE-UIN-SUKA 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 159
EP  - 162
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211222.026
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211222.026
ID  - Fitria2021
ER  -