Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Social, economic, and academic leadership (ICSEAL-6-2019)

Leadership of Big Tech Companies in the Data Market: Legal Opportunities and Antitrust Frameworks

Authors
Juliya Kharitonova, Larissa Sannikova
Corresponding Author
Juliya Kharitonova
Available Online 27 May 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200526.057How to use a DOI?
Keywords
leadership, Big Tech companies, data market, legal opportunities, antitrust framework
Abstract
Digital markets development all over the world reveals trends of Big Tech companies’ enhancement therein, both transnational and domestic. Applying innovations Big Tech companies can accumulate their users’ data enormously and then process them, which finally constitutes a highly demanded product known as Big Data. There is no uniformed approach to Big Tech companies’ activity. Doubts arise about preserving fair competition in digital markets, while online platforms and over Big Tech companies hold power concentration. It should be noted that the legal criteria of links between the market influence of Big Tech companies, especially online platforms, and their anti-competitive actions must be determined. This paper substantiates the Big Tech companies’ leadership in digital markets is to be considered through antitrust law. Thus, “Big Data dominance” doctrine reasoning why it is essential to regulate within antitrust law Big Tech companies’ activities as online platforms in the data market should be developed. Special attention is devoted to the specifics of Big Tech companies being online platforms operating. Their activity in the data market gives rise to some network effects that should be considered while developing new criteria for dominance in digital markets. At the same time, network effects act as access barriers to large online platforms, and, consequently, to the Big Data that they accumulate. The Big Data is crucial for the incorporation and expansion of data-based businesses, as well as for improving public services rendering. Therefore, ensuring non-discriminatory access to the big data becomes a vital task, the development of the digital markets depends on. At the same time, the use of Big Data should not infringe on the rights of the citizens to protect data achieved through anonymisation. While enormous aggregation of data grows in its significance for businesses and private individuals, different states are seeking to provide appropriate legal regulation for Big Data application by digital platforms. The article calls for antitrust laws uniquely tailored to the tech industry in order to democratize access to data and provide room for future disruptors to enter the market. The question arises whether a balance for legal restrictions for access to anonymised data, personal data, and freedom of enterprise and business. Herein, the promotion and marketing of goods and services are noteworthy.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Juliya Kharitonova
AU  - Larissa Sannikova
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/05/27
TI  - Leadership of Big Tech Companies in the Data Market: Legal Opportunities and Antitrust Frameworks
BT  - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Social, economic, and academic leadership (ICSEAL-6-2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 391
EP  - 397
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200526.057
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200526.057
ID  - Kharitonova2020
ER  -