The Phenomenon of De-radicalization in Al Hidayah Boarding School, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia
- 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.2How to use a DOI?
- terrorism, radicalism, ideological change, de-radicalization, Islamic school
The phenomenon of de-radicalization is a rare attempt in the study of terrorism. This is because institutions that specifically do so are still minimal, especially in educational institutions such as boarding school. In the case of Indonesia, Al Hidayah boarding school is the first in Indonesia to educate children from former terrorist families as well as for the poor. The questions related to the phenomenon are, what is the main background the establishment of Al Hidayah Boarding School in Deli Serdang District? Why is this boarding school trying to educate the children of terrorist to anticipate the growing understanding of radicalism? This study attempts to answer the question by using qualitative methods. Data collection methods applied are document studies, observation, in-depth interviews. The findings of this study are three backgrounds of the establishment of this boarding school. First, the ideological change of the actor. Second, humanitarian reasons; Third, as a role model de-radicalization. The guidance of the terrorist children is done for five things. First, abandoned because his parents were imprisoned or died; Second, there is a negative stigma in society against children of terrorists; Third, they absorb the seed of radical ideology (spirited of terror) through their parents; Fourth, the tendency to have the nature of hate the state, the security apparatus; Fifth, having the potential to be recruited as terrorists. The theoretical implications of this study are two. First, reinforce Mia Bloom's theory that has explained the emergence of terrorists. Second, it rejects Mark Jurgensmeyer's theory which has explained the strange relationship between religion and terrorism.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Husnul Isa Harahap AU - Ms T. Irmayani PY - 2017/11 DA - 2017/11 TI - The Phenomenon of De-radicalization in Al Hidayah Boarding School, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICSPS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 5 EP - 8 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsps-17.2018.2 DO - 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.2 ID - Harahap2017/11 ER -