Indonesia - GAM Peace Process Reflection on Turkey - PKK conflict
- 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.7How to use a DOI?
- Turkey PKK conflict, Turkish conflict, PKK separatist, PKK rebellion, War on PKK, Kurdistan Autonomy, Indonesia GAM, PKK GAM, GAM separatist, PKK peace process, GAM Peace Process
Partiya Karkerˆn Kurdistanˆ, translated as Kurdistan Workers Party, is a political organization that focused on the liberation of Kurdish people especially in Turkey. Throughout the history, they received many negative reactions from countries due to their ruthless struggle against Turkish government. The organization is considered as terrorist organization by many countries including Turkey, The United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. This labelling is based on its methods of operation, they use force to reach their goal. Acts like bombing, ambush, and armed assault against Turkish authority. At the beginning of their struggle, they demand an independent state of Kurdistan from Turkey. However, through the time, they change their goal and now they only want a regional autonomy from the government. This goal reflects the true form of the organization. As they wanted separation, they can be called a separatist organization, no wonder if they use the tactics a rebel would do to fight the ruling government, as mentioned above. Turkish government has to deal with the PKK in order to restore peace in their country. There is an example of a solution that can be applied to make peace with the PKK, they can take an example from Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and Indonesian government peace process. GAM was indeed a separatist organization. Its methods of operations was the same as PKK, they fought the ruling government through armed attacks. Indonesian government has declared martial law on Aceh to fight GAM, but this method was not succesful. In the end, both party can achieve peace through talks and negotiations. Indonesia can play strategic role in mediating conflict of PKK-Turkish government by sharing important lessons from how Indonesia successfully made a peaceful agreement with Free Aceh Movement (GAM). This is based on interviews to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and leaders of Acehnese used to involve in peace process. It argues that Turkish government is able to make a peaceful agreement and integrate Kurdish minority by giving them special autonomy status.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Afriandha Fakhri AU - Badrus Sholeh PY - 2017/11 DA - 2017/11 TI - Indonesia - GAM Peace Process Reflection on Turkey - PKK conflict BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICSPS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 34 EP - 37 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsps-17.2018.7 DO - 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.7 ID - Fakhri2017/11 ER -