Reviews on Theories and Practices of Modernization: Rural Experience in Indonesia
- 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.27How to use a DOI?
- modernization, rural development
Development is a "founding belief" of the modern world. It is one of the most popular buzz words in the human civilization. However, it has no exact meaning of development, no generally accepted definition. Development is "user-friendly", it means whatever one wants or needs it to mean. Similarly, development theories are also different, which depend on their "political positions", their "philosophical origins", "place and time of construction", and their "scientific orientation". One of the most well-known theories in development theories is modernization theory. It is the "dominant philosophy" and "mainstream school of scholarship" in social science. It discusses economic, social and political development issues in the developed and the Third World countries. It shaped the strategy of many countries in designing their development planning. It also became the dominant paradigm for many years, even until present. However, many critiques have been faced by this popular theory, logically and practically. Rural life has also been the area of this development paradigm for years. From "purely" top down to "faithful" participative approaches have been implied in the area. This paper will critically review modernization theories' point of view in conceptualizing development and reflect rural Indonesian life in accordance with this development philosophy. Moreover, this paper will concisely describe a reflection regarding this development model in terms of understanding and interpreting development.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Dika Supyandi AU - Eliana Wulandari AU - Iwan Setiawan PY - 2017/11 DA - 2017/11 TI - Reviews on Theories and Practices of Modernization: Rural Experience in Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICSPS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 129 EP - 132 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsps-17.2018.27 DO - 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.27 ID - Supyandi2017/11 ER -