The Construction Of Identity In The Post-Secular States: The Case Of Turkey And Indonesia
- 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.53How to use a DOI?
- Identity construction, State identity, Muslim Group, Islam and democracy
Literature on post secularism in global politics has pointed to the underlying problem of identity construction experienced by Muslim majority states with regards to Islamic element. In this context, Turkey and Indonesia provided evidence that Islamic element can hardly be excluded as the basic character of the state, despite its secular nature. More interestingly, as the two countries strived to embolden democratic character, the articulation of Islamic element continue to experience wax and wane depending on the political context experienced by religious group. This article aims at shedding light on the insertion of Islamic element in Turkey's and Indonesia's state identity. This paper will explore the tension between secularist and Islamist groups in Indonesia and Turkey during late 1960s and to 1970s respectively as the pretext within which Muslim groups experienced marginalization. But later development both in Indonesia and Turkey has allowed for their consolidation, thanks to more democratic environment. Nevertheless, in the case of Indonesia, the consolidation of Islamic identity did not ushered Islamic political parties to seize power, while Turkey witnessed the ascendency of the AKP (Adalet ve KalkÕnma Partisi) the offspring of Islamist party; Refah and Fezilet party once existed in 1980s.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Eva Mushoffa PY - 2017/11 DA - 2017/11 TI - The Construction Of Identity In The Post-Secular States: The Case Of Turkey And Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICSPS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 243 EP - 246 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsps-17.2018.53 DO - 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.53 ID - Mushoffa2017/11 ER -