Reflections on The Fourth Wave of Democratization: The Indonesian Case
- 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.66How to use a DOI?
- Democracy, fourth wave, Indonesia's democracy
This essay is about the need to re-examine the substantive goals of democracy. From the first to the fourth wave of democracy, many -if not all- countries have been forced to witness the practice of democracy in its procedural biases. In many of the emerging democratic countries such a practice has not been able to guarantee the development of a state in which public goods are accessible to all and prosperity becomes a common objective. For this, the conception of a democratic government must include the substantive goals of why a state is formed in the first place.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Bahtiar Effendy PY - 2017/11 DA - 2017/11 TI - Reflections on The Fourth Wave of Democratization: The Indonesian Case BT - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Social and Political Sciences (ICSPS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 317 EP - 319 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsps-17.2018.66 DO - 10.2991/icsps-17.2018.66 ID - Effendy2017/11 ER -