Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)

The Eruption of Mount Kelud in 1919: Its Impact and Mitigation Efforts

Authors
Nawiyanto, Nawiyanto, Nurhadi Sasmita
Corresponding Author
Nawiyanto
Available Online May 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.25How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Mount Kelud eruption, disastrous impact, rehabilitation, mitigation, Dutch colonial era
Abstract
Lying upon a ring of fire makes Indonesia vulnerable to volcanic disasters. Mount Kelud is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia and notorious for its violent and destructive eruptions. During the twentieth century, Mount Kelud has erupted in 1901, 1910, 1919, 1951, and 1990, of which the 1919 eruption was among the biggest one. It has been described as one of the worst volcanic disasters. Drawing upon the available historical sources, this paper aims at discussing the eruption of Mount Kelud in 1919. Two major issues to be dealt with here are: 1) the impact of the 1919 Kelud eruption and its responses, and 2) the efforts made by the authorities to mitigate the eruption disaster. The eruption caused many fatalities and large scale devastation. Even though the eruption of Mount Kelud was not as cataclysmic as that of Tambora in 1815 or that of Krakatau in 1883, but it marked the more systematic way of coping with the volcanic disaster. Moreover, from the event a closer relationship was observable among the Europeans and the natives, who had long been separated by a strict racial boundary.
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Proceedings
1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
May 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-719-5
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.25How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nawiyanto
AU  - Nawiyanto
AU  - Nurhadi Sasmita
PY  - 2019/05
DA  - 2019/05
TI  - The Eruption of Mount Kelud in 1919: Its Impact and Mitigation Efforts
BT  - 1st International Conference on Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies (ICSSIS 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.25
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icssis-18.2019.25
ID  - Nawiyanto2019/05
ER  -