Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia

Authors
Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Corresponding Author
Nurdiana
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis, etiology, iron deficiency anemia
Abstract
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disease characterized by regular, round or oval, painful ulcers with an erythematous border that recur on a regular basis on the nonkeratinized oral mucosae such as labial, buccal, alveolar, and ventral tongue mucosa. Different etiologies and mechanisms have been postulated, resulting in identification of a variety of predisposing factors. A variety of underlying disorders may predispose patients to develop RAS; they include iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is defined as a reduction in total body iron to an extent that iron stores are fully exhausted and some more degree of tissue iron deficiency is present. The aim of this review is therefore to discuss the relationship between RAS and iron deficiency anemia. IDA should be suspected in every case of RAS when no other obvious causes are identified. These findings are believed to be cause by the impaired cellular immunity, deficient bactericidal activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, inadequate antibody response, and epithelial abnormalities attributed to iron lack. RAS is a multifactorial disease with one of the common suspected etiology is IDA. Hence routine hematological examination may be carried out in RAS patients.
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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nurdiana
AU  - Pocut Astari
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52
ID  - Nurdiana2018/02
ER  -