The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia
- Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
- Corresponding Author
Available Online February 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52How to use a DOI?
- Recurrent aphthous stomatitis, etiology, iron deficiency anemia
- Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disease characterized by regular, round or oval, painful ulcers with an erythematous border that recur on a regular basis on the nonkeratinized oral mucosae such as labial, buccal, alveolar, and ventral tongue mucosa. Different etiologies and mechanisms have been postulated, resulting in identification of a variety of predisposing factors. A variety of underlying disorders may predispose patients to develop RAS; they include iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is defined as a reduction in total body iron to an extent that iron stores are fully exhausted and some more degree of tissue iron deficiency is present. The aim of this review is therefore to discuss the relationship between RAS and iron deficiency anemia. IDA should be suspected in every case of RAS when no other obvious causes are identified. These findings are believed to be cause by the impaired cellular immunity, deficient bactericidal activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, inadequate antibody response, and epithelial abnormalities attributed to iron lack. RAS is a multifactorial disease with one of the common suspected etiology is IDA. Hence routine hematological examination may be carried out in RAS patients.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nurdiana AU - Pocut Astari PY - 2018/02 DA - 2018/02 TI - The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia BT - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.52 ID - Nurdiana2018/02 ER -