Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

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86 articles

Effect of Xerostomia on Quality of Life in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan

Aida Fadhilla Darwis, Sayuti Hasibuan, Hana Nuradinda Tarigan
Xerostomia is one of the most common complications caused by head and neck cancer radiotherapy. Radiation caused the structure of the salivary glands change thus the saliva production was reduced. This can significantly affect the quality of life of the patients by changing physical, psychological and...

The Use of Panoramic Radiography to Determine Prevalence of Dental Anomaly in Individuals with Down Syndrome

Cek Dara Manja, Nursyuhada Azimi
Down syndrome often causes several dental anomalies, such as hypodontia, taurodontia and microdontia. This research aims to determine the prevalence of some dental anomalies in Down syndrome individuals using panoramic radiographs of students in Pembina disable school Medan. As many as 12 subjects with...

The Effect of Avocado's (Persea Americana) Ethanolic Extract for Increasing Macrophages Cells in Rattus Norvegicus Post Extraction Socket

Delvi Fitriani, Nenny Prasetyaningrum, Rahayu Sinta Gitaning
Tooth extraction is always followed by wound healing process. Macrophage plays role as a phagocytosis cells, inducing granulation tissue formation, re-epitelisation and angiogenesis process. Avocado (Persea americana) is a tropical fruits due to flavonoids contained has many benefits like provide immunostimulatory...

Topography of Fiber Reinforced Composite Resin Polyethylene and the Nature Fiber of Bagasse

Diana Setya Ningsih, Mursal, Farhani
Bagasse is a residual of sugarcane which has experienced five times of extortion. Bagasse has been researched and it can be used as a fiber for material outside the field of dentistry. Fiber that most often used in dentistry is an Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene fiber (UHMWPE). Most often fiber...

The Distribution of Facial Profile Photogrammetry of High School Students in Medan

Hilda Fitria Lubis, Mimi Marina Lubis, Siti Bahirrah
One of the main objectives of orthodontic treatment is to improve dental and facial esthetics. The understanding of soft tissues of the face in relation to the dentoskeletal tissues is essential in esthetic orthodontic treatment. Study of soft tissue facial profile by photogrammetry provides better information...

The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Bolton Overall Ratio in Class I Malocclusion at RSGMP FKG USU

Mutia Amalia Nasution, Siti Bahirrah, Amalia Oeripto
In orthodontics treatment, to obtain a good and stable occlusion, harmony between the combined mesiodistal width of maxillary teeth and that of mandibular teeth must be attempted. Extraction of premolar is routinely carried out as part of orthodontic treatment, but it can lead to the changes of the overall...

The Correlation between Inclination and the Thickness of Maxillary Central Incisors at Orthodontic Clinic of RSGM FKG USU (Research Report)

Nurhayati, Amalia Oeripto
In an orthodontic treatment, the labio-lingual movement of the anterior teeth is required to improve the sagittal relationship of the maxillary and mandibular arch in order to achieve a more harmonious profile. However, excessive force to the teeth movement could lead to iatrogenic effect, therefore...

The Effect of Citrus Limon and Whitening Toothpaste to Teeth Color Changes ( Study on the Right Maxillary Central Incisor of 18 Year Old Female)

Octarina, Elfira Aprilianti
The acids of Citrus limon is believed to be able to brighten teeth, meanwhile whitening toothpaste is able to remove stain of the teeth. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of Citrus limon water and whitening toothpaste to teeth color changes. Fifteen female students of Dentistry Faculty...

The Role of TGF Beta 1 and PDGF BB in Wound Healing of the Palate

Olivia Avriyanti Hanafiah, Reevanash Poravi, Devina Angga, Trimurni Abidin, Syafrudin Ilyas, Marline Nainggolan, Endang Syamsudin
Oral wound healing is a process that consists of three highly integrated and overlapping phases inflammation, proliferation and tissue remodelling. These phases involve the interaction between many cells and growth factors that work together from the beginning of an injury to complete tissue formation...

Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification

Siti Fatimah Rahamat, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan, Zurainie Abllah
Demineralization causes plaque calcium (Ca) to dissolve out from the enamel. Prolonged condition would allow enamel caries to worsen. To reverse the condition via remineralization, abundant of free available Ca and phosphorus (P) in the saliva are required. Thus, daily diet with high Ca and P content...

Root Canal Configuration of Permanent Mandibular First and Second Molars Using Radiographic Tube Shift Technique in Dental Hospital Patients at Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Sumatera Utara

Trelia Boel, Dewi Kartika, Dennis
The knowledge of the pulp anatomy plays an important role in the success of endodontic treatments. Mandibular molars have been reported with complex configuration canal anatomical, making them one of the most difficult teeth to manage endodontically. The aim of this study was to examine the root canal...

Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Reverse Twin Block in the Growing Child (Case Report)

Trio Novalia, Nazrudin
Class III malocclusion has a great variation of skeletal pattern in either the antero-posterior orvertical planes. If left untreated, Class III malocclusion in the growing children will become worse with age, presented by the growth of the mandible exceeding the growth of the maxilla.A male patient aged...

Correlation of Arch Length and Width to Anteroposterior Lip Position in Class I Non Extraction Malocclusion

Ulfi Fatwa Khasni, Muslim Yusuf, Nurhayati Harahap
The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the anteroposterior position of the lips against changes in the length and width of the dental arch in Class I malocclusion non extraction. The sample was 30 patients PPDGS Orthodontic clinic of FKG USU. The sample used was 30 before...

Piezocision as a Novel Approach for Accelerating Orthodontic Treatment (Literature Review)

Yufridika, Nazruddin, Nurhayati Harahap
According to the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) the length of comprehensive orthodontic treatment can range from approximately 12 to 36 months, depending on treatment options and individual characteristics. One of the biggest challenges an adult orthodontic patient is the duration spent...

Effect of Premolar Extraction on Overall Bolton Ratio in Class II Malocclusion in RSGM FKG USU

Ika Pisarina, Nurhayati Harahap, Muslim Yusuf
Tooth extraction to overcome the functional and aesthetic outcomes has become an issue in orthodontic treatment. Tooth size discrepancy was determined through a Bolton analysis. Overall Bolton ratio has changed after the tooth extraction, and affected by different extraction. The aim is to determine...

The Relationship between Morphology of Sella Turcica and Class II Skeletal Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU

Indah Fitriasary, Muslim Yusuf, Nazruddin
In lateral cephalometric analysis sometimes found a borderline results, its difficult to ascertain the jaw skeletal relationship, in this situation, taking into account the morphological variation and the sidelines of the tursika on cephalometric radiography are expected to help to determine whether...

The Level of Satisfaction in Health Service After Tooth Extraction in Puskesmas Polonia, Padang Bulan, Selayang II, Medan

Jelika Murni Sihombing, Hendry Rusdy
Puskesmas is one of the most important public health service facilities in Indonesia. Tooth extraction is one of the dental clinic services provided in puskesmas. Tooth extraction is the process of removing a whole section of tooth along with its pathological tissue from the tooth socket and handling...

Effect of Fish Scale Powder Addition to Flexural Strength of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin

Kholidina Harahap, Ika Andryas
Heat cured acrylic resin has been used as dental prosthetic devices because of its excellent appearance, simple processing technique and easy repair. The absence of filler on acrylic resin causes limitation of flexural strength at the time of use. Fish scales can be used as filler to reinforce the acrylic...

Nonsurgical Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Nonextraction and Extraction of Mandibular First Premolar

Nazruddin
Skeletal Class III malocclusion is some of the most complex cases to treat. Currently, orthognathic surgery and orthodontic camouflage are the standard technique for treating this condition in fully growing patients. With skeletal Class III orthodontic patients camouflage can be used to treat milder...

The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia

Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disease characterized by regular, round or oval, painful ulcers with an erythematous border that recur on a regular basis on the nonkeratinized oral mucosae such as labial, buccal, alveolar, and ventral tongue mucosa. Different etiologies and...

The Changes of Position and Angulation of Condyle Mandible Before and After Orthodontic Treatment in Class II Malocclusion by Using Cephalometric Radiograph

Nurmuhayannah, Erna Sulistyawati, Nazruddin
The condyle position is important for the balance of the stomatognathic system. The changes of the condyle position from the normal position can cause Temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Malocclusions may cause condyle position changes at the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Treatment of skeletal class...

Difference in Effectiveness of Dental Health Education between Braille and Audio Method towards the Knowledge and Oral Health (OHIS) Score among the Blind Children in Karya Murni Foundation, Tunanetra Foundation and Binjai Special Needs Foundation

Rika Mayasari Alamsyah, Siska Ella Natassa
Blind children are the children with weak eyesight or complete loss of vision. Limitation of vision affects their ability to gain knowledge regarding oral health which will affect their oral hygiene status. This aim of this research is to determine the difference in effectiveness of dental health education...

Efficacy of Fluoride Varnish and Cheese on White Spot Lesions Remineralization: Evaluation Using Laser Fluorescence

Susi Sukmasari, Wan Nurfazliyana binti Wan Fauzi, Zati Balqis binti Mohammed Azme, Anisa Kusumawardani, Iswan Zuraidi Zainol
Objective is to investigate the effectiveness of combining application of fluoride varnish with chewing cheese on white spot lesion remineralization. The research is a blinded quasi experimental study that was conducted on 521 occlusal white spot lesions (OWSL) of 69 dental students who were randomly...

Anti-Caries Effect of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cements as Orthodontic Adhesive Material through Scanning Electron Microscope Examination (In Vitro)

Teguh Aryo Nugroho, Sondang Pintauli, Amalia Oeripto
One of the major problems of fixed orthodontic treatment is controlling the enamel demineralization that occurs around the bracket. RMGIC is a modified composite resin with anti caries-effect caused by fluoride release. This study aimed to determine the effect of anti caries RMGIC as an orthodontic adhesive...

Effect of Obesity to Salivary Flow Rate and Buffer Capacity

Yumi Lindawati, Darmayanti Siregar, Lilia Sarifatamin Damanik
Obesity is one of the criteria of nutritional status parameters caused by the accumulation of fat that occurs gradually and influenced by many factors, one of which is the low of physical activity. Differences in nutritional status that occur in each individual leads to the differences in salivary secretion....

Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of Probiotic Soy-Milk Yoghurt (SOYGHURT) Towards Porphyromonas gingivalis [IN VITRO]

Zulfan M. Alibasyah, Diana Setya Ningsih, Ridha Andayani, M. Irvan Juliansyah, Sunnati
The main cause of chronic periodontitis is Porphyromonas gingivalis that can be found in subgingival plaque. Porphyromonas gingivalis can be inhibited by probiotic product such as yoghurt. Yoghurt is a beverage from milk that proceed by fermentation with adding lactic acid bacteria. Yoghurt is usually...

Comparison of Caries Status and Saliva Condition (pH, Buffer Capacity, Flow Rate, and Volume) among Down Syndrome and Normal Children aged 6-18 Years Old in SLB C Medan Helvetia and Medan Timur District

Zulfi Amalia Bachtiar, Siti Salmiah, Luthfiani, Emmenuelle Clarisa
Down Syndrome (DS) is type of mental disability caused by genetic disorder in chromosome 21. DS causes inability to maintain oral hygiene thus dental caries are commonly found in children with DS. Purpose of this research is to study the difference between caries experience and saliva condition and determine...

The Comparison of Lidocaine 2% with Adrenaline 1: 100.000 Onset in First or Second Maxillary Molar Extractions in Two Age Groups at Oral Surgery Department Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera March-April 2017

Ahyar Riza, Yulia Handayani Siregar
Local anesthetics are very commonly used in dental extraction procedures. Local anesthetics are performed to relieve pain locally in an anesthetic region for a short period. Lidocaine is one type of local anaesthesia that is often used in the field of dentistry. Infiltration anaesthesia is the most common...

Differences of Salivary Total Protein Levels in Plaque Induced Gingivitis and Healthy Patients in Periodontology Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry USU Medan

Aini Hariyani Nasution, Anushkaa Ravi Balaan
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingiva due to an accumulation of bacterial plaque that can cause periodontal structural damage. In general, to diagnose gingivitis involves clinical measurements and radiographic assessment which are often poorly tolerated by the patients and are also subjected to...

Relationship between Anxiety and Burning Mouth Syndrome of Psychiatric Outpatients

Alzeressy Putri, Nurdiana, Aida Fadhilla Darwis
Anxiety is the signal and phenomenon of a threat that can be divided into mild, moderate, severe, and very severe anxiety based on its level. Anxiety can cause pathological changes in the body including the oral cavity. Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is one of the disorders in oral cavity that can be affected...

Salivary Characteristics in Children Aged 2 Years Old And Under with Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC)

Ameta Primasari, Essie Octiara, Nevi Yanti, Muhammad Isra Reskitama
Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC) is progressive tooth decay with multifactorial etiology, which one of them is saliva. Salivary flow, pH, salivary buffer capacity are critical factors for developmental regulation and regression of the caries process. It is mandatory to comprehend the salivary characteristics...

Dental Health Management Methods for Children with Special Needs

Dyah Nawang Palupi Pratmawari, Giza Romadhoni Rahmawati, Rachel Petrinathea Alfadiandra, Rifdah Nisrinawati Maulina
According to AAP (2008), children with special health care needs were defined as "children with any physical, developmental, mental, sensory, behavioral, cognitive, or emotional impairment or limiting condition that requires medical management, health care intervention, and/or specialized services or...

The Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma to Orthodontic Tooth Movement

Erliera Sufarnap, Ervina Sofyanti, Syafrudin Ilyas
Platelet-Rich Plasma already used by oral surgeon and periodontics due to enhance the bone remodels. Orthodontic tooth movement affects bone remodeling process, bone resorption on the pressure side and new bone formation on the tension side. This is the objective of this research, to observe the effect...

Treatment of Anterior Crossbite in Skeletal Class III Malocclusion (Case Report)

Erna Sulistyawati, Muslim Yusuf, Syarwan
A female patient of 23 years old with skeletal Class III malocclusion (ANB -3°), crossbite anterior, prognated mandible (SNB 90°), proclination of upper anterior teeth (I : SN 121°), normal inclination of lower anterior teeth (I : MP 96°), counter-clockwise rotation mandible (MP:SN 23°). The patient...

sIgA and Lisozim as Biomarker of Early Childhood Caries Risk

Essie Octiara, Heriandi Sutadi, Yahwardiah Siregar, Ameta Primasari
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries...

Clinical Effects of Scaling With Subgingival Application of 25% Metronidazole Alginate Base Topical Gel Towards Chronic Periodontitis Patient

Jelita Rindly Fachrina, Irma Ervina, Hakim Bangun
Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteriodes spp., Capnocytophaga spp., and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans are bacteries that cause periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is treated by eliminating pathogen bacteries through scaling and systemic or local antibiotics. One of the local antibiotics that...

Fabrication of Prosthetic Feeding Plate as a Treatment Plan for Infant with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate ( Case Report)

Liana Rahmayani
One of the most common birth defects is cleft lip and palate. Infants with cleft lip and palate suffer from difficulty in feeding, due to lack of coordination between lips, tongue, and palate. This condition disrupts several functions including sucking, swallowing, aspiration and therefore inhibits infant's...

The Effectivity of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Extract Against Porphyromonas Gingivalis ATCC® 33277™ (IN-VITRO)

Minasari, Dheina Leina Nasution
Lemongrass extract contains citral and geranial that act as the antibacterial property. The mechanism of citral that acts as antibacterial agent is the "hydrophobicity" characteristic that able to rip apart the mitochondria's lipid layer of the membrane cell. The alcohol compound can also cause the denaturation...

Lack of Awareness and Self-Neglect in a Patient with Suspicious Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Case Report

Mohammad Reza, Harum Sasanti Yudoyono, Gus Permana Subita
Ninety percent of malignant tumors that present in the mouth are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It may affect any anatomical site in the mouth, but most commonly found on the lip, ventral or lateral tongue and the floor of the mouth. These lesions are seen as red, white, red-white, exophytic, or ulcerative...

Virgin Coconut Oil and Its Antimicrobial Properties against Pathogenic Microorganisms: A Review

Nur Ainatul Mardia Mohamad Nasir, Zurainie Abllah, Anil Azura Jalaludin, Intan Azura Shahdan, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan
Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is the purest form of coconut oil, essentially water-clear or colourless that consists mainly of medium chain saturated fatty acids. For over many decades, the biological properties of VCO have been widely explored and investigated due to their antimicrobial potentials. The large...

Aging Process Immunity and Its Relation with Periodontal Disease in Genetic Aspect

Pitu Wulandari, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
One of the factors that related to biological aging in humans is genetic. The aging process can occur due to genetic accumulation and epigenetic modification that lead to progressive cellular damage and weakened tissue functions that causing limitation of abilities to maintain the balance/ homeostasis....

Relationship between Cigarette Smoking and Candida Colony Count in Dental Student at Faculty of Dentistry University of Sumatera Utara

Puteri Ridha Ramadhani, Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Cigarette smoking can be described as an activity where a person is enjoying the nicotine smoke produced from the burning tobacco. It contains 4800 chemical substances that are harmful to the body such as nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, which then cause changes to the oral cavity. One of the changes...

Depiction of Post-Odontectomy Pain Levels in Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital Period of February-March 2017

Rahmi Syaflida, Hera Ismayani Sugianto
Odontectomy is one of the most common minor surgery performed in dentistry. Every patients will experience postoperative pain after odontectomy. Pain is subjective, each individual reports pain based on his/her own perception. The pain rating scale is used to measure the pain intensity of a patient....

Antibacterial Activities of Extract Curly Chili (Capsicumannum. L) on Fusobacterium Nucleatum: An in Vitro Study

Sisca Yudistira, Widyawati, Resti Iswani
The progress of most caries process caused the root canal infection. Bacteria that dominated in root canal infection were Fusobacterium nucleatum bacteria that were 48%. This infection needed endodontic treatment. One of the influencing factors was microorganism. It can be eradicated by root canal irrigation....

Relationship between Salivary Flow Rates and The Amount of Candida in Saliva in Smokers

Surya Nelis
Smoking is one of the predisposing factors for oral candidiasis. The mechanism is possibly caused by chemical substances in cigarettes that can provide nutritionS for candida, local changes in epithelium that which leads to candida colonization, decreased antibodies in saliva and decreased salivary flow...

Hormonal and Genetic Role Affecting the Bone Resorption in Patients with Osteoporosis

Susi R. Puspitadewi, Elza I. Auerkari
Increasing age, especially in postmenopausal women, shows a decline in anabolic hormones activity and an increase in anti-anabolic hormones activity. This causes bone resorption and may lead to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a degenerative disorder marked by decrease in bone mass because of imbalance...

The Comparative Antimicrobial Effect of Activated Virgin Coconut Oil (AVCO) and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) against Dental Caries-Related Pathogens

Ummi Aqilah Haron, Zurainie Abllah, Nur Ainatul Mardia Mohamad Nasir
The present-day diet is astoundingly cariogenic, owing to the fact that high food intake with plenty of fermentable carbohydrates present in them. Classic regime against dental caries such as fluoride is often not able to cope with the resultant massive cariogenic challenge. Therefore, demands of alternatives...

Dentist Role in Congestive Heart Failure Patient (Serial Cases)

Wiwik Mayanti, Anandina Irmagita Soegyanto, Harum Sasanti
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a condition where the heart is unable to pump adequate blood to organs and tissues, due to one-part failure so that there is blood pooling in the heart. CHF patient needs more attention by dentist, because oral focus infection can affect patient's heart condition. Furthermore,...

Effectivity of Lime Peel Decoction (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) on Osteoblast and Osteoclast Numbers in the Process of Bone Healing Post-Extraction on White Rat (Rattus Norvegicus) Wistar Strain

Azimah Nurin Nafilah, Nurul Istichomah
Prolong teeth loss due to dental extraction causes interference with the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), speech impairment and psychological aspects of aesthetics. For the fulfillment of general, dental and oral health, denture is needed to maintain necessary function of chewing. Generally, after tooth...

Analysis of the Tooth Length of Maxillary Incisors in Indonesian Mongoloid Race Population Based on Periapical Radiography

Dewi Kartika, Fitri Yunita Batubara
Accurate assessment of the tooth length of maxillary incisor determines the success and prognosis of an endodontic treatment outcome. Periapical radiography is a method that can be used in determining the tooth length. This study was done to determine the average of the tooth length of maxillary incisors...