Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
The Relationship between Orthodontic Treatment Need and Psychosocial Impact in University of Sumatera Utara Undergraduate Student
Aditya Rachmawati, Erliera
Teeth and mouth are a lifetime health investments for human. Various disease and anomaly of the teeth and mouth may impair the function of oral cavity; one of them is malocclusion, anomaly of the alignment of the teeth. Teeth in good position relative to the arch not only support the health of oral cavity,...
The Relationship of Dental Perception and Orthodontic Treatment Need Based on Dental Aesthetic Index of SMA Negeri 15 Medan Student
Agnese Putri Pratiwi, Mimi Marina Lubis
Malocclusion is a form of occlusion that is irrelevant to the acceptable normal standard form of occlusion. Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) is a malocclusion index that has been accepted and used by WHO as a simple and valid method. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of dental perception...
The Comparison of Lidocaine 2% with Adrenaline 1: 100.000 Onset in First or Second Maxillary Molar Extractions in Two Age Groups at Oral Surgery Department Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera March-April 2017
Ahyar Riza, Yulia Handayani Siregar
Local anesthetics are very commonly used in dental extraction procedures. Local anesthetics are performed to relieve pain locally in an anesthetic region for a short period. Lidocaine is one type of local anaesthesia that is often used in the field of dentistry. Infiltration anaesthesia is the most common...
Effect of Xerostomia on Quality of Life in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan
Aida Fadhilla Darwis, Sayuti Hasibuan, Hana Nuradinda Tarigan
Xerostomia is one of the most common complications caused by head and neck cancer radiotherapy. Radiation caused the structure of the salivary glands change thus the saliva production was reduced. This can significantly affect the quality of life of the patients by changing physical, psychological and...
Differences of Salivary Total Protein Levels in Plaque Induced Gingivitis and Healthy Patients in Periodontology Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry USU Medan
Aini Hariyani Nasution, Anushkaa Ravi Balaan
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingiva due to an accumulation of bacterial plaque that can cause periodontal structural damage. In general, to diagnose gingivitis involves clinical measurements and radiographic assessment which are often poorly tolerated by the patients and are also subjected to...
Relationship between Anxiety and Burning Mouth Syndrome of Psychiatric Outpatients
Alzeressy Putri, Nurdiana, Aida Fadhilla Darwis
Anxiety is the signal and phenomenon of a threat that can be divided into mild, moderate, severe, and very severe anxiety based on its level. Anxiety can cause pathological changes in the body including the oral cavity. Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is one of the disorders in oral cavity that can be affected...
Salivary Characteristics in Children Aged 2 Years Old And Under with Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC)
Ameta Primasari, Essie Octiara, Nevi Yanti, Muhammad Isra Reskitama
Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC) is progressive tooth decay with multifactorial etiology, which one of them is saliva. Salivary flow, pH, salivary buffer capacity are critical factors for developmental regulation and regression of the caries process. It is mandatory to comprehend the salivary characteristics...
A Journey through Inculcating Preparation for Handling Medical Emergencies amongst Dental Personnel: The Validation of Medical Emergencies in Dental Practice Questionnaire (MEDPQ)
Amir Anuar Badrulhisham, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Muhammad Aiman Zairudin, Tengku Dr Intan Baizura Tengku Jamaluddin
The objective of this study is to construct and validate a questionnaire regarding the assessment of perceived confidence, attitude and knowledge of dental undergraduates in handling medical emergencies in dental practice. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 82 dentists and clinical staff practicing...
Management of Acute (Primary) Herpetic Gingivostomatitis in Immunocompetent Adult Patient: A Case Report
Andi Anggun Mauliana Putri, Febrina Rahmayanti
Acute (primary) herpetic gingivostomatitis (AHGS) is the most common form of HSV-1 infection in the oral cavity. These infections are reported mostly in children, usually localized and asymptomatic but in adult patients and immunocompromised conditions tend to be more severe, last longer, and can lead...
Comparison of Dentoalveolar Canting on Class I, II, and III Malocclusion Using Panoramic Radiography (Research Report)
Andres, Erna Sulistyawati, Nazruddin
Canting dentoalveolar is the slope of the teeth in the occlusal plane that is appears to everyone with different level. The sample was 60 adults were divided into three groups: 20 people skeletal Class I, 20 people skeletal Class II, and 20 people skeletal Class III. Canting dentoalveolar take from Nasal...
The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Overall Bolton Ratio in Class III Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU
Andrew Armand, Nurhayati Harahap, Siti Bahirrah
Tooth extraction is a treatment of choice in the tooth size discrepancy cases in order to achieve appropriate alignment, angulation, and inclination of the teeth. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of premolar extraction on overall Bolton ratio in Class III malocclusion. Samples...
Geographic Tongue in Psoriasis: Case Reports
Ariyati Yosi, Cashtry Meher, Irma D. Roesyanto-Mahadi
Geographic tongue is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder resulting in the local loss of filiform papillae, which is present as erythematous patches with serpiginous borders resembling a map. The etiopathogenesis of geographic tongue is unknown. Geographic tongue has been postulated to be an oral variant...
The Difference of Superoxide Dismutase Levels in Patient's Saliva with Gingivitis Associated with Dental Plaque Only Before and After Scaling at Periodontics Installation, Faculty of Dentistry USU
Armia Syahputra, Krisnamurthy Pasaribu, Dina Pulungan
Plaque induced gingival disease is the result of an interaction between the microorganisms found in the dental plaque biofilm and the tissues and inflammatory cells of the host. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) are the first protection for tissues of the mouth and body. At the time of bacterial phagocytes,...
Effectivity of Lime Peel Decoction (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) on Osteoblast and Osteoclast Numbers in the Process of Bone Healing Post-Extraction on White Rat (Rattus Norvegicus) Wistar Strain
Azimah Nurin Nafilah, Nurul Istichomah
Prolong teeth loss due to dental extraction causes interference with the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), speech impairment and psychological aspects of aesthetics. For the fulfillment of general, dental and oral health, denture is needed to maintain necessary function of chewing. Generally, after tooth...
Surgical Endodontic Management of External Root Resorption and Apexification Using New Calcium Silicate-Based Materials
Azizah Arifati, Wignyo Hadriyanto
External resorption and open apex are pathological conditions which can occur due to chronic inflammation after a dental trauma. In order to stop the pathological conditions, surgical correction and apexification is performed. New calcium silicate-based materials are used as new variety of Mineral Trioxide...
The Use of Panoramic Radiography to Determine Prevalence of Dental Anomaly in Individuals with Down Syndrome
Cek Dara Manja, Nursyuhada Azimi
Down syndrome often causes several dental anomalies, such as hypodontia, taurodontia and microdontia. This research aims to determine the prevalence of some dental anomalies in Down syndrome individuals using panoramic radiographs of students in Pembina disable school Medan. As many as 12 subjects with...
The Effect of Avocado's (Persea Americana) Ethanolic Extract for Increasing Macrophages Cells in Rattus Norvegicus Post Extraction Socket
Delvi Fitriani, Nenny Prasetyaningrum, Rahayu Sinta Gitaning
Tooth extraction is always followed by wound healing process. Macrophage plays role as a phagocytosis cells, inducing granulation tissue formation, re-epitelisation and angiogenesis process. Avocado (Persea americana) is a tropical fruits due to flavonoids contained has many benefits like provide immunostimulatory...
Analysis of the Tooth Length of Maxillary Incisors in Indonesian Mongoloid Race Population Based on Periapical Radiography
Dewi Kartika, Fitri Yunita Batubara
Accurate assessment of the tooth length of maxillary incisor determines the success and prognosis of an endodontic treatment outcome. Periapical radiography is a method that can be used in determining the tooth length. This study was done to determine the average of the tooth length of maxillary incisors...
The Relationship of Trauma from Occlusion with Chronic Periodontitis Based on the Quality and Quantity of Alveolar Bone in the Radiographic Features
Dharshini Neelamegan, Rini Octavia Nasution
Periodontitis has been defined as the presence of gingival inflammation at sites where there has been a pathological detachment of collagen fibers from cementum, the junctional epithelium has migrated apically, and bone loss can be detected radiographically. One of the factors, thought to be responsible...
Topography of Fiber Reinforced Composite Resin Polyethylene and the Nature Fiber of Bagasse
Diana Setya Ningsih, Mursal, Farhani
Bagasse is a residual of sugarcane which has experienced five times of extortion. Bagasse has been researched and it can be used as a fiber for material outside the field of dentistry. Fiber that most often used in dentistry is an Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene fiber (UHMWPE). Most often fiber...
Dental Health Management Methods for Children with Special Needs
Dyah Nawang Palupi Pratmawari, Giza Romadhoni Rahmawati, Rachel Petrinathea Alfadiandra, Rifdah Nisrinawati Maulina
According to AAP (2008), children with special health care needs were defined as "children with any physical, developmental, mental, sensory, behavioral, cognitive, or emotional impairment or limiting condition that requires medical management, health care intervention, and/or specialized services or...
The Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma to Orthodontic Tooth Movement
Erliera Sufarnap, Ervina Sofyanti, Syafrudin Ilyas
Platelet-Rich Plasma already used by oral surgeon and periodontics due to enhance the bone remodels. Orthodontic tooth movement affects bone remodeling process, bone resorption on the pressure side and new bone formation on the tension side. This is the objective of this research, to observe the effect...
Treatment of Anterior Crossbite in Skeletal Class III Malocclusion (Case Report)
Erna Sulistyawati, Muslim Yusuf, Syarwan
A female patient of 23 years old with skeletal Class III malocclusion (ANB -3°), crossbite anterior, prognated mandible (SNB 90°), proclination of upper anterior teeth (I : SN 121°), normal inclination of lower anterior teeth (I : MP 96°), counter-clockwise rotation mandible (MP:SN 23°). The patient...
Prediction of Regulatory Networks of PITX2 Gene Expression in Mandibular Asymmetry Related to Oral Muscle Function
Ervina Sofyanti, Trelia Boel, Tiar Pratamawati, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
The teeth, muscles (associated nerves) and joints are considered as an interdependent unit in neuromuscular dentistry component. The embryonic development of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) differs considerably from other synovial joints. Condylar cartilage is an important site of mandibular growth...
Difference of Vertical Mandibular Symmetry Based on Mandibular Growth Pattern in Orthodontic Patients
Ervina Sofyanti, Lidya Irani Nainggolan, Thivassini A/P Ramakrishnan
Mandibular asymmetry presents a problem when disruption in the balance of the size, shape and arrangement of facial tissue occurs. The highest growth potential of the mandible is in the condyle region and may affect the growth pattern of the mandible. The aim of this study is to analyze the vertical...
sIgA and Lisozim as Biomarker of Early Childhood Caries Risk
Essie Octiara, Heriandi Sutadi, Yahwardiah Siregar, Ameta Primasari
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries...
The Level of Alkaline Phosphatase in Saliva as Biomarker for Pubertal Growth Phase
Fadhlina Irham, Siti Bahirrah, Nazruddin
The identification of the onset of pubertal growth phase in growing patients is very important for orthodontists to determine orthodontic treatment planning and timing. The timing of growth phase can be assessed using chronological age, skeletal age, physiological age, dental age and biomarkers. ALP...
The Relationship between Morphology of Sella Turcica and Skeletal Class III Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU
Fitri Wardani, Erna Sulistyawati, Muslim Yusuf
The sella turcica is one of the commonly used orthodontic landmarks in determining and diagnosing various problems of the facial skeleton.The pituitary gland is located in the sella turcica. Thus, various pathologies of this gland and developmental disorder of frontonasal and maxilla can change the morphology...
Antibacterial Activity of Gamat Sea Cucumber Extract (Stichopus Variegatus) from Mentawai Islands against Streptococcus Viridans
Geistia Fad'ha, Utmi Arma, Busman
Mentawai islands of West Sumatra province have a fairly extensive coastal areas and stored wealth of the sea has high economic potential, one of which is Teripang (Sea cucumbers). Besides having a high nutritional value sea cucumbers also have antibacterial activity against bacterial pathogens. In the...
The Completeness of The Contents of Dental Records at Private Dental Practice in Bandung
Grace Monica, Jeannette Halim, Ignatius Setiawan
A complete dental record can be used in solving legal cases as well as forensic cases in dentistry. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has established a minimum standard of filling dental records. A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the completeness of the contents of dental records...
Case Report: Mandibular Third Molar Impaction Features in CBCT 3D Radiography
Gunawan, Lusi Epsilawati, Ivony Fitria
The mandibular third molar impaction is a frequent case in dentistry. Various investigations are required prior to the removal of the mandibular third molar impaction, such as CBCT 3D radiography. This radiograph can provide optimum results for the investigation of mandibular third molar impaction. Case...
Dentist's Knowledge Level about Early Treatment for Maxillary Sinus Perforation in District Helvetia Medan 2017
Hendry Rusdy, Bella Risqi
Maxillary sinus perforation is one of complication from tooth extraction that could create a connection between antrum and oral cavity (oroantral communication). The aim of this research is to determine the level of dentists' knowledge about the initial treatment to handle the sinus maxillary perforation...
The Distribution of Facial Profile Photogrammetry of High School Students in Medan
Hilda Fitria Lubis, Mimi Marina Lubis, Siti Bahirrah
One of the main objectives of orthodontic treatment is to improve dental and facial esthetics. The understanding of soft tissues of the face in relation to the dentoskeletal tissues is essential in esthetic orthodontic treatment. Study of soft tissue facial profile by photogrammetry provides better information...
Effect of High Molecular Nano-Chitosan Addition on The Impact Strength of Heat Polymerized Polymethyl Methacrylate Denture Base Resin
Ika Devi Adiana, Trimurni Abidin, Lasminda Syafiar
Addition of reinforcing material to improve the mechanical properties of heat-polymerized polymethyl methacrylate is being developed. One of them is by adding nano-chitosan gel. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of nano-chitosan gel addition on the impact strength of heat-polymerized polymethyl...
Effect of Premolar Extraction on Overall Bolton Ratio in Class II Malocclusion in RSGM FKG USU
Ika Pisarina, Nurhayati Harahap, Muslim Yusuf
Tooth extraction to overcome the functional and aesthetic outcomes has become an issue in orthodontic treatment. Tooth size discrepancy was determined through a Bolton analysis. Overall Bolton ratio has changed after the tooth extraction, and affected by different extraction. The aim is to determine...
Relationship of Trauma From Occlusion and Severity of Periodontitis on Patients in Periodontal Clinic RSGMP FKG USU
Immanuel Budi Hutabarat, Rini Octavia Nasution
Trauma from occlusion and periodontitis are two factors that result in periodontal destruction. Many researches about the relationship between trauma from occlusion and periodontitis have been discussed controversially since the 20th century. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship of...
The Relationship between Morphology of Sella Turcica and Class II Skeletal Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU
Indah Fitriasary, Muslim Yusuf, Nazruddin
In lateral cephalometric analysis sometimes found a borderline results, its difficult to ascertain the jaw skeletal relationship, in this situation, taking into account the morphological variation and the sidelines of the tursika on cephalometric radiography are expected to help to determine whether...
The Level of Satisfaction in Health Service After Tooth Extraction in Puskesmas Polonia, Padang Bulan, Selayang II, Medan
Jelika Murni Sihombing, Hendry Rusdy
Puskesmas is one of the most important public health service facilities in Indonesia. Tooth extraction is one of the dental clinic services provided in puskesmas. Tooth extraction is the process of removing a whole section of tooth along with its pathological tissue from the tooth socket and handling...
Clinical Effects of Scaling With Subgingival Application of 25% Metronidazole Alginate Base Topical Gel Towards Chronic Periodontitis Patient
Jelita Rindly Fachrina, Irma Ervina, Hakim Bangun
Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteriodes spp., Capnocytophaga spp., and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans are bacteries that cause periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is treated by eliminating pathogen bacteries through scaling and systemic or local antibiotics. One of the local antibiotics that...
The Effect of Bleaching on the Morphology of Enamel
Kavita, Sumadhi Sastrodihardjo
Enamel of the teeth is the hardest tissue in the human body which protects them. The composition of enamel is 94-96% inorganic, 1% organic, and 4-5% water. Discoloration of the enamel which may be caused by chemicals, medicine or trauma has a psychological impact in person, characterized by lack of self-confidence....
Effect of Fish Scale Powder Addition to Flexural Strength of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin
Kholidina Harahap, Ika Andryas
Heat cured acrylic resin has been used as dental prosthetic devices because of its excellent appearance, simple processing technique and easy repair. The absence of filler on acrylic resin causes limitation of flexural strength at the time of use. Fish scales can be used as filler to reinforce the acrylic...
Fabrication of Prosthetic Feeding Plate as a Treatment Plan for Infant with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate ( Case Report)
One of the most common birth defects is cleft lip and palate. Infants with cleft lip and palate suffer from difficulty in feeding, due to lack of coordination between lips, tongue, and palate. This condition disrupts several functions including sucking, swallowing, aspiration and therefore inhibits infant's...
Gonial Angle Changes Based on Age Group on Mongoloid Race in Medan City in Terms of Lateral Cephalometric Radiograph
Maria Sitanggang, Trelia Boel, Sondang Pintauli
The gonial angle (mandibular angle) is a radiomorphometric index from the angle of the mandible, which is formed between the inferior border and the posterior border of the mandible. The mandible is one of the causes of various forms of malocclusion. This study was conducted to determine the changes...
Cephalometric Value of Batak Ethnic
Mimi Marina Lubis, Hilda Fitria Lubis, Siti Bahirrah
Cephalometry is an essential diagnostic tool to obtain cranial radiograph that is necessary in complex assessment of cranium and orofacial. The cephalometric value is necessary in establishing a diagnosis and developing a comprehensive treatment plan. The standard cephalometric value could not be applied...
The Effectivity of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Extract Against Porphyromonas Gingivalis ATCC® 33277™ (IN-VITRO)
Minasari, Dheina Leina Nasution
Lemongrass extract contains citral and geranial that act as the antibacterial property. The mechanism of citral that acts as antibacterial agent is the "hydrophobicity" characteristic that able to rip apart the mitochondria's lipid layer of the membrane cell. The alcohol compound can also cause the denaturation...
Lack of Awareness and Self-Neglect in a Patient with Suspicious Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Case Report
Mohammad Reza, Harum Sasanti Yudoyono, Gus Permana Subita
Ninety percent of malignant tumors that present in the mouth are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It may affect any anatomical site in the mouth, but most commonly found on the lip, ventral or lateral tongue and the floor of the mouth. These lesions are seen as red, white, red-white, exophytic, or ulcerative...
The Effect of Immersed Heat Cured Acrylic Resin Denture Base in Chlorhexidin and Extract of Roselle Flower towards Color Stability
Mohammad Zulkarnain, Putri Angelyna
The most commonly used denture base material is heat cured acrylic resin. This material possesses chemical properties, such as color stability. Discoloration of the denture base can be caused by the use of disinfectant solution on daily basis. This is caused by the characteristic of acrylic resin which...
The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Bolton Overall Ratio in Class I Malocclusion at RSGMP FKG USU
Mutia Amalia Nasution, Siti Bahirrah, Amalia Oeripto
In orthodontics treatment, to obtain a good and stable occlusion, harmony between the combined mesiodistal width of maxillary teeth and that of mandibular teeth must be attempted. Extraction of premolar is routinely carried out as part of orthodontic treatment, but it can lead to the changes of the overall...
Identification of MSX1 Mutation in Malaysian Hypodontia Family
Nabilah Muhamad Zamil, Nor Aini Mohamed Yussof, Yunita Dewi Ardini, Widya Lestari
Hypodontia is defined as the absence of one to six teeth. There is high prevalence of hypodontia recorded in Malaysia (2.8%). This study aimed to identify any mutation of MSX1 in Malaysian family with hypodontia and its clinical finding. We re-examined 4 individuals from a family of the previous PAX9...
Nonsurgical Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Nonextraction and Extraction of Mandibular First Premolar
Skeletal Class III malocclusion is some of the most complex cases to treat. Currently, orthognathic surgery and orthodontic camouflage are the standard technique for treating this condition in fully growing patients. With skeletal Class III orthodontic patients camouflage can be used to treat milder...
Virgin Coconut Oil and Its Antimicrobial Properties against Pathogenic Microorganisms: A Review
Nur Ainatul Mardia Mohamad Nasir, Zurainie Abllah, Anil Azura Jalaludin, Intan Azura Shahdan, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan
Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is the purest form of coconut oil, essentially water-clear or colourless that consists mainly of medium chain saturated fatty acids. For over many decades, the biological properties of VCO have been widely explored and investigated due to their antimicrobial potentials. The large...
The Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Iron Deficiency Anemia
Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disease characterized by regular, round or oval, painful ulcers with an erythematous border that recur on a regular basis on the nonkeratinized oral mucosae such as labial, buccal, alveolar, and ventral tongue mucosa. Different etiologies and...
The Correlation between Inclination and the Thickness of Maxillary Central Incisors at Orthodontic Clinic of RSGM FKG USU (Research Report)
Nurhayati, Amalia Oeripto
In an orthodontic treatment, the labio-lingual movement of the anterior teeth is required to improve the sagittal relationship of the maxillary and mandibular arch in order to achieve a more harmonious profile. However, excessive force to the teeth movement could lead to iatrogenic effect, therefore...
The Changes of Position and Angulation of Condyle Mandible Before and After Orthodontic Treatment in Class II Malocclusion by Using Cephalometric Radiograph
Nurmuhayannah, Erna Sulistyawati, Nazruddin
The condyle position is important for the balance of the stomatognathic system. The changes of the condyle position from the normal position can cause Temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Malocclusions may cause condyle position changes at the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Treatment of skeletal class...
The Effect of Citrus Limon and Whitening Toothpaste to Teeth Color Changes ( Study on the Right Maxillary Central Incisor of 18 Year Old Female)
Octarina, Elfira Aprilianti
The acids of Citrus limon is believed to be able to brighten teeth, meanwhile whitening toothpaste is able to remove stain of the teeth. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of Citrus limon water and whitening toothpaste to teeth color changes. Fifteen female students of Dentistry Faculty...
The Effect of Upper Incisor Anteroposterior Position Changes on the Lip Profile in Class I Malocclusion
Okky Windyasari, Muslim Yusuf
Soft tissue analysis has always been an integral part of the diagnosis and planning of orthodontic treatment. Treatment plans in Class I malocclusions, with or without the extraction of the first four premolars are still debated, since the perceived premolar extraction effect will be "flattening face"....
The Role of TGF Beta 1 and PDGF BB in Wound Healing of the Palate
Olivia Avriyanti Hanafiah, Reevanash Poravi, Devina Angga, Trimurni Abidin, Syafrudin Ilyas, Marline Nainggolan, Endang Syamsudin
Oral wound healing is a process that consists of three highly integrated and overlapping phases inflammation, proliferation and tissue remodelling. These phases involve the interaction between many cells and growth factors that work together from the beginning of an injury to complete tissue formation...
Aging Process Immunity and Its Relation with Periodontal Disease in Genetic Aspect
Pitu Wulandari, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
One of the factors that related to biological aging in humans is genetic. The aging process can occur due to genetic accumulation and epigenetic modification that lead to progressive cellular damage and weakened tissue functions that causing limitation of abilities to maintain the balance/ homeostasis....
Relationship between Cigarette Smoking and Candida Colony Count in Dental Student at Faculty of Dentistry University of Sumatera Utara
Puteri Ridha Ramadhani, Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Cigarette smoking can be described as an activity where a person is enjoying the nicotine smoke produced from the burning tobacco. It contains 4800 chemical substances that are harmful to the body such as nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, which then cause changes to the oral cavity. One of the changes...
Black Triangle, Etiology and Treatment Approaches: Literature Review
Putri Masraini Lubis, Rini Octavia Nasution, Zulkarnain
Currently, beauty and physical appearance is of a major concern for many people, along with the greater demands of aesthetics in the field of dentistry. Aesthetics of the gingival is one of the most important factors in the success of restorative dental care. The loss of the interdental papillae results...
Association of Clinical Evaluation and Patient's Level of Satisfaction among Complete Denture Wearer
Putri Welda Utami Ritonga, Luveena Loshini Prabakaran
Dentist's evaluation of complete denture differs from patient's evaluation. Dentists prioritize the clinical aspects of dentures, such as vertical dimension, aesthetic, stability and denture-bearing area while patients measures their satisfaction based on aspects, like aesthetic, mastication, comfort...
Depiction of Post-Odontectomy Pain Levels in Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital Period of February-March 2017
Rahmi Syaflida, Hera Ismayani Sugianto
Odontectomy is one of the most common minor surgery performed in dentistry. Every patients will experience postoperative pain after odontectomy. Pain is subjective, each individual reports pain based on his/her own perception. The pain rating scale is used to measure the pain intensity of a patient....
Oral Mucosal Lesions as Initial Presentation in Lupus Erythematosus Patient (A Case Report)
Rani Handayani, Gus Permana Subita, Siti Aliyah Pradono
Lupus erythematosus (LE) is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by interference of the immune system. There are several criteria to establish a diagnosis of this disease including oral mucosal lesions. Oral mucosa lesions are an important part because they can be the initial presentation of LE. The...
The Difference Number of Bacterial Colonies between Smokers and Non-smokers Gingivitis Patients in Periodontics Department at USU Dental Hospital
Regina Carsa Bagin Apriani, Pitu Wulandari, Martina Amalia
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammation disease which caused by bacteria in the periodontal tissues. The predisposing factors are smoking, stress and alcohol consumption. Smoking can deteriorate the dental health and increase the risk of gingivitis. Smoking may causes various diseases in oral cavities,...
The Association between Number of Tooth Loss, Tooth Loss Quadrants, and Occlusal Support with Temporomandibular Disorders in Partially Edentulous Patients
Ricca Chairunnisa, Ribka Julia Sihombing
Loss of one or several teeth can disturb the balance of the composition of the teeth in the arch that causes imbalance occlusion of teeth so that the teeth will receive a larger load. Stresses imposed by the structure of the temporomandibular joint is imbalance and would interfere with the function of...
Difference in Effectiveness of Dental Health Education between Braille and Audio Method towards the Knowledge and Oral Health (OHIS) Score among the Blind Children in Karya Murni Foundation, Tunanetra Foundation and Binjai Special Needs Foundation
Rika Mayasari Alamsyah, Siska Ella Natassa
Blind children are the children with weak eyesight or complete loss of vision. Limitation of vision affects their ability to gain knowledge regarding oral health which will affect their oral hygiene status. This aim of this research is to determine the difference in effectiveness of dental health education...
The Importance of Serology Examination in Diagnosis of Multiple Ulcers in Oral Cavity (Serial Cases)
Rolis Anggi Wuriyanti, Anandina Irmagita Soegyanto, Gus Permana Subita, Harum Sasanti Yudoyono Nugroho
Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) and Recurrent Intraoral Herpes (RIH) are the most common oral lesions found in dental practice. The diagnosis can be made based on patient's history and clinical examination. Due to similarity of size, shape, number, and location of these ulcers, however, it may be...
Antibacterial Activities of Extract Curly Chili (Capsicumannum. L) on Fusobacterium Nucleatum: An in Vitro Study
Sisca Yudistira, Widyawati, Resti Iswani
The progress of most caries process caused the root canal infection. Bacteria that dominated in root canal infection were Fusobacterium nucleatum bacteria that were 48%. This infection needed endodontic treatment. One of the influencing factors was microorganism. It can be eradicated by root canal irrigation....
Orthodontic Treatment Needs Based on Aesthetic Component (AC) among Adolescents in Medan
Siti Bahirrah, Mimi Marina Lubis, Hilda Fitria Lubis
The prevalence of malocclusion in Indonesia is high while dental health behaviour among adolescents especially towards malocclusion is inadequate whereas health services has not been satisfied. One of the most used index, Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need which consists of aesthetic component and dental...
Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification
Siti Fatimah Rahamat, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan, Zurainie Abllah
Demineralization causes plaque calcium (Ca) to dissolve out from the enamel. Prolonged condition would allow enamel caries to worsen. To reverse the condition via remineralization, abundant of free available Ca and phosphorus (P) in the saliva are required. Thus, daily diet with high Ca and P content...
Relationship between Salivary Flow Rates and The Amount of Candida in Saliva in Smokers
Smoking is one of the predisposing factors for oral candidiasis. The mechanism is possibly caused by chemical substances in cigarettes that can provide nutritionS for candida, local changes in epithelium that which leads to candida colonization, decreased antibodies in saliva and decreased salivary flow...
Hormonal and Genetic Role Affecting the Bone Resorption in Patients with Osteoporosis
Susi R. Puspitadewi, Elza I. Auerkari
Increasing age, especially in postmenopausal women, shows a decline in anabolic hormones activity and an increase in anti-anabolic hormones activity. This causes bone resorption and may lead to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a degenerative disorder marked by decrease in bone mass because of imbalance...
Efficacy of Fluoride Varnish and Cheese on White Spot Lesions Remineralization: Evaluation Using Laser Fluorescence
Susi Sukmasari, Wan Nurfazliyana binti Wan Fauzi, Zati Balqis binti Mohammed Azme, Anisa Kusumawardani, Iswan Zuraidi Zainol
Objective is to investigate the effectiveness of combining application of fluoride varnish with chewing cheese on white spot lesion remineralization. The research is a blinded quasi experimental study that was conducted on 521 occlusal white spot lesions (OWSL) of 69 dental students who were randomly...
The Effect of Jamblang (Syzygium Cumini (L) Skeels) Leaves Ethanolic Extract on the Adhesion of Streptococcus Mutans to Hydroxyapatite
Suzanna Sungkar, Dewi Agustina, Al Supartinah, Tetiana Haniastuti
Streptococcus mutans plays an important role in the pathogenesis of caries. This bacteria has virulence properties involve in the formation of biolm on tooth surface. Surface protein antigen peptide (SpaP) is one of the virulence properties of S. mutans that play role in adhesion of S. mutans to the...
Anti-Caries Effect of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cements as Orthodontic Adhesive Material through Scanning Electron Microscope Examination (In Vitro)
Teguh Aryo Nugroho, Sondang Pintauli, Amalia Oeripto
One of the major problems of fixed orthodontic treatment is controlling the enamel demineralization that occurs around the bracket. RMGIC is a modified composite resin with anti caries-effect caused by fluoride release. This study aimed to determine the effect of anti caries RMGIC as an orthodontic adhesive...
Root Canal Configuration of Permanent Mandibular First and Second Molars Using Radiographic Tube Shift Technique in Dental Hospital Patients at Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Sumatera Utara
Trelia Boel, Dewi Kartika, Dennis
The knowledge of the pulp anatomy plays an important role in the success of endodontic treatments. Mandibular molars have been reported with complex configuration canal anatomical, making them one of the most difficult teeth to manage endodontically. The aim of this study was to examine the root canal...
Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Reverse Twin Block in the Growing Child (Case Report)
Trio Novalia, Nazrudin
Class III malocclusion has a great variation of skeletal pattern in either the antero-posterior orvertical planes. If left untreated, Class III malocclusion in the growing children will become worse with age, presented by the growth of the mandible exceeding the growth of the maxilla.A male patient aged...
Correlation of Arch Length and Width to Anteroposterior Lip Position in Class I Non Extraction Malocclusion
Ulfi Fatwa Khasni, Muslim Yusuf, Nurhayati Harahap
The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the anteroposterior position of the lips against changes in the length and width of the dental arch in Class I malocclusion non extraction. The sample was 30 patients PPDGS Orthodontic clinic of FKG USU. The sample used was 30 before...
The Comparative Antimicrobial Effect of Activated Virgin Coconut Oil (AVCO) and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) against Dental Caries-Related Pathogens
Ummi Aqilah Haron, Zurainie Abllah, Nur Ainatul Mardia Mohamad Nasir
The present-day diet is astoundingly cariogenic, owing to the fact that high food intake with plenty of fermentable carbohydrates present in them. Classic regime against dental caries such as fluoride is often not able to cope with the resultant massive cariogenic challenge. Therefore, demands of alternatives...
Proliferation Activity of Mucosal Epithelial Cell Nucleus With AgNOR Staining in Smokers and Non- Smokers
Wilda Hafni Lubis, Gowri A/P Krishnarao
Oral cancer detection is difficult in the early stages leading to high mortality rate of the disease. Therefore, a new method of early detection of oral carcinoma is required as treatment in the early stages is more effective at minimizing morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences...
The Relationship of Mandibular Bone Density Level to Femur Bone Density Level in Ovariectomized Female Rats given Isoflavones and 17-estradiol
Wita Anngraini, Tri Budi W. Rahardjo, Ichramsjah A. Rachman, Deddy Muchtadi
Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disease, and the most common type of osteoporosis is involutional osteoporosis associated with aging and menopause. Estrogen deficiency in menopause and post-menopause is a major pathogenic factor in bone loss. Osteoporosis in the skeletal bone of the body also occurs...
Dentist Role in Congestive Heart Failure Patient (Serial Cases)
Wiwik Mayanti, Anandina Irmagita Soegyanto, Harum Sasanti
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a condition where the heart is unable to pump adequate blood to organs and tissues, due to one-part failure so that there is blood pooling in the heart. CHF patient needs more attention by dentist, because oral focus infection can affect patient's heart condition. Furthermore,...
Piezocision as a Novel Approach for Accelerating Orthodontic Treatment (Literature Review)
Yufridika, Nazruddin, Nurhayati Harahap
According to the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) the length of comprehensive orthodontic treatment can range from approximately 12 to 36 months, depending on treatment options and individual characteristics. One of the biggest challenges an adult orthodontic patient is the duration spent...
Effect of Obesity to Salivary Flow Rate and Buffer Capacity
Yumi Lindawati, Darmayanti Siregar, Lilia Sarifatamin Damanik
Obesity is one of the criteria of nutritional status parameters caused by the accumulation of fat that occurs gradually and influenced by many factors, one of which is the low of physical activity. Differences in nutritional status that occur in each individual leads to the differences in salivary secretion....
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of Probiotic Soy-Milk Yoghurt (SOYGHURT) Towards Porphyromonas gingivalis [IN VITRO]
Zulfan M. Alibasyah, Diana Setya Ningsih, Sunnati, Ridha Andayani, M. Irvan Juliansyah
The main cause of chronic periodontitis is Porphyromonas gingivalis that can be found in subgingival plaque. Porphyromonas gingivalis can be inhibited by probiotic product such as yoghurt. Yoghurt is a beverage from milk that proceed by fermentation with adding lactic acid bacteria. Yoghurt is usually...
Comparison of Caries Status and Saliva Condition (pH, Buffer Capacity, Flow Rate, and Volume) among Down Syndrome and Normal Children aged 6-18 Years Old in SLB C Medan Helvetia and Medan Timur District
Zulfi Amalia Bachtiar, Siti Salmiah, Luthfiani, Emmenuelle Clarisa
Down Syndrome (DS) is type of mental disability caused by genetic disorder in chromosome 21. DS causes inability to maintain oral hygiene thus dental caries are commonly found in children with DS. Purpose of this research is to study the difference between caries experience and saliva condition and determine...