Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

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86 articles

The Relationship between Orthodontic Treatment Need and Psychosocial Impact in University of Sumatera Utara Undergraduate Student

Aditya Rachmawati, Erliera
Teeth and mouth are a lifetime health investments for human. Various disease and anomaly of the teeth and mouth may impair the function of oral cavity; one of them is malocclusion, anomaly of the alignment of the teeth. Teeth in good position relative to the arch not only support the health of oral cavity,...

The Relationship of Dental Perception and Orthodontic Treatment Need Based on Dental Aesthetic Index of SMA Negeri 15 Medan Student

Agnese Putri Pratiwi, Mimi Marina Lubis
Malocclusion is a form of occlusion that is irrelevant to the acceptable normal standard form of occlusion. Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) is a malocclusion index that has been accepted and used by WHO as a simple and valid method. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of dental perception...

The Comparison of Lidocaine 2% with Adrenaline 1: 100.000 Onset in First or Second Maxillary Molar Extractions in Two Age Groups at Oral Surgery Department Faculty of Dentistry, University of North Sumatera March-April 2017

Ahyar Riza, Yulia Handayani Siregar
Local anesthetics are very commonly used in dental extraction procedures. Local anesthetics are performed to relieve pain locally in an anesthetic region for a short period. Lidocaine is one type of local anaesthesia that is often used in the field of dentistry. Infiltration anaesthesia is the most common...

Effect of Xerostomia on Quality of Life in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Radiotherapy at RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan

Aida Fadhilla Darwis, Sayuti Hasibuan, Hana Nuradinda Tarigan
Xerostomia is one of the most common complications caused by head and neck cancer radiotherapy. Radiation caused the structure of the salivary glands change thus the saliva production was reduced. This can significantly affect the quality of life of the patients by changing physical, psychological and...

Differences of Salivary Total Protein Levels in Plaque Induced Gingivitis and Healthy Patients in Periodontology Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry USU Medan

Aini Hariyani Nasution, Anushkaa Ravi Balaan
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingiva due to an accumulation of bacterial plaque that can cause periodontal structural damage. In general, to diagnose gingivitis involves clinical measurements and radiographic assessment which are often poorly tolerated by the patients and are also subjected to...

Relationship between Anxiety and Burning Mouth Syndrome of Psychiatric Outpatients

Alzeressy Putri, Nurdiana, Aida Fadhilla Darwis
Anxiety is the signal and phenomenon of a threat that can be divided into mild, moderate, severe, and very severe anxiety based on its level. Anxiety can cause pathological changes in the body including the oral cavity. Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is one of the disorders in oral cavity that can be affected...

Salivary Characteristics in Children Aged 2 Years Old And Under with Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC)

Ameta Primasari, Essie Octiara, Nevi Yanti, Muhammad Isra Reskitama
Severe Early Childhood Caries (SECC) is progressive tooth decay with multifactorial etiology, which one of them is saliva. Salivary flow, pH, salivary buffer capacity are critical factors for developmental regulation and regression of the caries process. It is mandatory to comprehend the salivary characteristics...

A Journey through Inculcating Preparation for Handling Medical Emergencies amongst Dental Personnel: The Validation of Medical Emergencies in Dental Practice Questionnaire (MEDPQ)

Amir Anuar Badrulhisham, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin, Muhammad Aiman Zairudin, Tengku Dr Intan Baizura Tengku Jamaluddin
The objective of this study is to construct and validate a questionnaire regarding the assessment of perceived confidence, attitude and knowledge of dental undergraduates in handling medical emergencies in dental practice. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 82 dentists and clinical staff practicing...

Management of Acute (Primary) Herpetic Gingivostomatitis in Immunocompetent Adult Patient: A Case Report

Andi Anggun Mauliana Putri, Febrina Rahmayanti
Acute (primary) herpetic gingivostomatitis (AHGS) is the most common form of HSV-1 infection in the oral cavity. These infections are reported mostly in children, usually localized and asymptomatic but in adult patients and immunocompromised conditions tend to be more severe, last longer, and can lead...

Comparison of Dentoalveolar Canting on Class I, II, and III Malocclusion Using Panoramic Radiography (Research Report)

Andres, Erna Sulistyawati, Nazruddin
Canting dentoalveolar is the slope of the teeth in the occlusal plane that is appears to everyone with different level. The sample was 60 adults were divided into three groups: 20 people skeletal Class I, 20 people skeletal Class II, and 20 people skeletal Class III. Canting dentoalveolar take from Nasal...

The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Overall Bolton Ratio in Class III Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU

Andrew Armand, Nurhayati Harahap, Siti Bahirrah
Tooth extraction is a treatment of choice in the tooth size discrepancy cases in order to achieve appropriate alignment, angulation, and inclination of the teeth. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of premolar extraction on overall Bolton ratio in Class III malocclusion. Samples...

Geographic Tongue in Psoriasis: Case Reports

Ariyati Yosi, Cashtry Meher, Irma D. Roesyanto-Mahadi
Geographic tongue is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder resulting in the local loss of filiform papillae, which is present as erythematous patches with serpiginous borders resembling a map. The etiopathogenesis of geographic tongue is unknown. Geographic tongue has been postulated to be an oral variant...

The Difference of Superoxide Dismutase Levels in Patient's Saliva with Gingivitis Associated with Dental Plaque Only Before and After Scaling at Periodontics Installation, Faculty of Dentistry USU

Armia Syahputra, Krisnamurthy Pasaribu, Dina Pulungan
Plaque induced gingival disease is the result of an interaction between the microorganisms found in the dental plaque biofilm and the tissues and inflammatory cells of the host. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) are the first protection for tissues of the mouth and body. At the time of bacterial phagocytes,...

Effectivity of Lime Peel Decoction (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) on Osteoblast and Osteoclast Numbers in the Process of Bone Healing Post-Extraction on White Rat (Rattus Norvegicus) Wistar Strain

Azimah Nurin Nafilah, Nurul Istichomah
Prolong teeth loss due to dental extraction causes interference with the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), speech impairment and psychological aspects of aesthetics. For the fulfillment of general, dental and oral health, denture is needed to maintain necessary function of chewing. Generally, after tooth...

Surgical Endodontic Management of External Root Resorption and Apexification Using New Calcium Silicate-Based Materials

Azizah Arifati, Wignyo Hadriyanto
External resorption and open apex are pathological conditions which can occur due to chronic inflammation after a dental trauma. In order to stop the pathological conditions, surgical correction and apexification is performed. New calcium silicate-based materials are used as new variety of Mineral Trioxide...

The Use of Panoramic Radiography to Determine Prevalence of Dental Anomaly in Individuals with Down Syndrome

Cek Dara Manja, Nursyuhada Azimi
Down syndrome often causes several dental anomalies, such as hypodontia, taurodontia and microdontia. This research aims to determine the prevalence of some dental anomalies in Down syndrome individuals using panoramic radiographs of students in Pembina disable school Medan. As many as 12 subjects with...

The Effect of Avocado's (Persea Americana) Ethanolic Extract for Increasing Macrophages Cells in Rattus Norvegicus Post Extraction Socket

Delvi Fitriani, Nenny Prasetyaningrum, Rahayu Sinta Gitaning
Tooth extraction is always followed by wound healing process. Macrophage plays role as a phagocytosis cells, inducing granulation tissue formation, re-epitelisation and angiogenesis process. Avocado (Persea americana) is a tropical fruits due to flavonoids contained has many benefits like provide immunostimulatory...

Analysis of the Tooth Length of Maxillary Incisors in Indonesian Mongoloid Race Population Based on Periapical Radiography

Dewi Kartika, Fitri Yunita Batubara
Accurate assessment of the tooth length of maxillary incisor determines the success and prognosis of an endodontic treatment outcome. Periapical radiography is a method that can be used in determining the tooth length. This study was done to determine the average of the tooth length of maxillary incisors...

The Relationship of Trauma from Occlusion with Chronic Periodontitis Based on the Quality and Quantity of Alveolar Bone in the Radiographic Features

Dharshini Neelamegan, Rini Octavia Nasution
Periodontitis has been defined as the presence of gingival inflammation at sites where there has been a pathological detachment of collagen fibers from cementum, the junctional epithelium has migrated apically, and bone loss can be detected radiographically. One of the factors, thought to be responsible...

Topography of Fiber Reinforced Composite Resin Polyethylene and the Nature Fiber of Bagasse

Diana Setya Ningsih, Mursal, Farhani
Bagasse is a residual of sugarcane which has experienced five times of extortion. Bagasse has been researched and it can be used as a fiber for material outside the field of dentistry. Fiber that most often used in dentistry is an Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene fiber (UHMWPE). Most often fiber...

Dental Health Management Methods for Children with Special Needs

Dyah Nawang Palupi Pratmawari, Giza Romadhoni Rahmawati, Rachel Petrinathea Alfadiandra, Rifdah Nisrinawati Maulina
According to AAP (2008), children with special health care needs were defined as "children with any physical, developmental, mental, sensory, behavioral, cognitive, or emotional impairment or limiting condition that requires medical management, health care intervention, and/or specialized services or...

The Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma to Orthodontic Tooth Movement

Erliera Sufarnap, Ervina Sofyanti, Syafrudin Ilyas
Platelet-Rich Plasma already used by oral surgeon and periodontics due to enhance the bone remodels. Orthodontic tooth movement affects bone remodeling process, bone resorption on the pressure side and new bone formation on the tension side. This is the objective of this research, to observe the effect...

Treatment of Anterior Crossbite in Skeletal Class III Malocclusion (Case Report)

Erna Sulistyawati, Muslim Yusuf, Syarwan
A female patient of 23 years old with skeletal Class III malocclusion (ANB -3°), crossbite anterior, prognated mandible (SNB 90°), proclination of upper anterior teeth (I : SN 121°), normal inclination of lower anterior teeth (I : MP 96°), counter-clockwise rotation mandible (MP:SN 23°). The patient...

Prediction of Regulatory Networks of PITX2 Gene Expression in Mandibular Asymmetry Related to Oral Muscle Function

Ervina Sofyanti, Trelia Boel, Tiar Pratamawati, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
The teeth, muscles (associated nerves) and joints are considered as an interdependent unit in neuromuscular dentistry component. The embryonic development of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) differs considerably from other synovial joints. Condylar cartilage is an important site of mandibular growth...

Difference of Vertical Mandibular Symmetry Based on Mandibular Growth Pattern in Orthodontic Patients

Ervina Sofyanti, Lidya Irani Nainggolan, Thivassini A/P Ramakrishnan
Mandibular asymmetry presents a problem when disruption in the balance of the size, shape and arrangement of facial tissue occurs. The highest growth potential of the mandible is in the condyle region and may affect the growth pattern of the mandible. The aim of this study is to analyze the vertical...

sIgA and Lisozim as Biomarker of Early Childhood Caries Risk

Essie Octiara, Heriandi Sutadi, Yahwardiah Siregar, Ameta Primasari
Caries in children under 6 years old (Early Childhood Caries) is still a major oral health problems in many countries. The high prevalence of ECC should be prevented immediately based on the cause of caries. Saliva is one of the factors that play role in dental caries process, also play a role as caries...

The Level of Alkaline Phosphatase in Saliva as Biomarker for Pubertal Growth Phase

Fadhlina Irham, Siti Bahirrah, Nazruddin
The identification of the onset of pubertal growth phase in growing patients is very important for orthodontists to determine orthodontic treatment planning and timing. The timing of growth phase can be assessed using chronological age, skeletal age, physiological age, dental age and biomarkers. ALP...

The Relationship between Morphology of Sella Turcica and Skeletal Class III Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU

Fitri Wardani, Erna Sulistyawati, Muslim Yusuf
The sella turcica is one of the commonly used orthodontic landmarks in determining and diagnosing various problems of the facial skeleton.The pituitary gland is located in the sella turcica. Thus, various pathologies of this gland and developmental disorder of frontonasal and maxilla can change the morphology...

Antibacterial Activity of Gamat Sea Cucumber Extract (Stichopus Variegatus) from Mentawai Islands against Streptococcus Viridans

Geistia Fad'ha, Utmi Arma, Busman
Mentawai islands of West Sumatra province have a fairly extensive coastal areas and stored wealth of the sea has high economic potential, one of which is Teripang (Sea cucumbers). Besides having a high nutritional value sea cucumbers also have antibacterial activity against bacterial pathogens. In the...

The Completeness of The Contents of Dental Records at Private Dental Practice in Bandung

Grace Monica, Jeannette Halim, Ignatius Setiawan
A complete dental record can be used in solving legal cases as well as forensic cases in dentistry. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has established a minimum standard of filling dental records. A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the completeness of the contents of dental records...

Case Report: Mandibular Third Molar Impaction Features in CBCT 3D Radiography

Gunawan, Lusi Epsilawati, Ivony Fitria
The mandibular third molar impaction is a frequent case in dentistry. Various investigations are required prior to the removal of the mandibular third molar impaction, such as CBCT 3D radiography. This radiograph can provide optimum results for the investigation of mandibular third molar impaction. Case...

Dentist's Knowledge Level about Early Treatment for Maxillary Sinus Perforation in District Helvetia Medan 2017

Hendry Rusdy, Bella Risqi
Maxillary sinus perforation is one of complication from tooth extraction that could create a connection between antrum and oral cavity (oroantral communication). The aim of this research is to determine the level of dentists' knowledge about the initial treatment to handle the sinus maxillary perforation...

The Distribution of Facial Profile Photogrammetry of High School Students in Medan

Hilda Fitria Lubis, Mimi Marina Lubis, Siti Bahirrah
One of the main objectives of orthodontic treatment is to improve dental and facial esthetics. The understanding of soft tissues of the face in relation to the dentoskeletal tissues is essential in esthetic orthodontic treatment. Study of soft tissue facial profile by photogrammetry provides better information...

Effect of High Molecular Nano-Chitosan Addition on The Impact Strength of Heat Polymerized Polymethyl Methacrylate Denture Base Resin

Ika Devi Adiana, Trimurni Abidin, Lasminda Syafiar
Addition of reinforcing material to improve the mechanical properties of heat-polymerized polymethyl methacrylate is being developed. One of them is by adding nano-chitosan gel. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of nano-chitosan gel addition on the impact strength of heat-polymerized polymethyl...

Effect of Premolar Extraction on Overall Bolton Ratio in Class II Malocclusion in RSGM FKG USU

Ika Pisarina, Nurhayati Harahap, Muslim Yusuf
Tooth extraction to overcome the functional and aesthetic outcomes has become an issue in orthodontic treatment. Tooth size discrepancy was determined through a Bolton analysis. Overall Bolton ratio has changed after the tooth extraction, and affected by different extraction. The aim is to determine...

Relationship of Trauma From Occlusion and Severity of Periodontitis on Patients in Periodontal Clinic RSGMP FKG USU

Immanuel Budi Hutabarat, Rini Octavia Nasution
Trauma from occlusion and periodontitis are two factors that result in periodontal destruction. Many researches about the relationship between trauma from occlusion and periodontitis have been discussed controversially since the 20th century. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship of...

The Relationship between Morphology of Sella Turcica and Class II Skeletal Malocclusion in RSGMP FKG USU

Indah Fitriasary, Muslim Yusuf, Nazruddin
In lateral cephalometric analysis sometimes found a borderline results, its difficult to ascertain the jaw skeletal relationship, in this situation, taking into account the morphological variation and the sidelines of the tursika on cephalometric radiography are expected to help to determine whether...

The Level of Satisfaction in Health Service After Tooth Extraction in Puskesmas Polonia, Padang Bulan, Selayang II, Medan

Jelika Murni Sihombing, Hendry Rusdy
Puskesmas is one of the most important public health service facilities in Indonesia. Tooth extraction is one of the dental clinic services provided in puskesmas. Tooth extraction is the process of removing a whole section of tooth along with its pathological tissue from the tooth socket and handling...

Clinical Effects of Scaling With Subgingival Application of 25% Metronidazole Alginate Base Topical Gel Towards Chronic Periodontitis Patient

Jelita Rindly Fachrina, Irma Ervina, Hakim Bangun
Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteriodes spp., Capnocytophaga spp., and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans are bacteries that cause periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is treated by eliminating pathogen bacteries through scaling and systemic or local antibiotics. One of the local antibiotics that...

The Effect of Bleaching on the Morphology of Enamel

Kavita, Sumadhi Sastrodihardjo
Enamel of the teeth is the hardest tissue in the human body which protects them. The composition of enamel is 94-96% inorganic, 1% organic, and 4-5% water. Discoloration of the enamel which may be caused by chemicals, medicine or trauma has a psychological impact in person, characterized by lack of self-confidence....

Effect of Fish Scale Powder Addition to Flexural Strength of Heat Cured Acrylic Resin

Kholidina Harahap, Ika Andryas
Heat cured acrylic resin has been used as dental prosthetic devices because of its excellent appearance, simple processing technique and easy repair. The absence of filler on acrylic resin causes limitation of flexural strength at the time of use. Fish scales can be used as filler to reinforce the acrylic...

Fabrication of Prosthetic Feeding Plate as a Treatment Plan for Infant with Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate ( Case Report)

Liana Rahmayani
One of the most common birth defects is cleft lip and palate. Infants with cleft lip and palate suffer from difficulty in feeding, due to lack of coordination between lips, tongue, and palate. This condition disrupts several functions including sucking, swallowing, aspiration and therefore inhibits infant's...

Gonial Angle Changes Based on Age Group on Mongoloid Race in Medan City in Terms of Lateral Cephalometric Radiograph

Maria Sitanggang, Trelia Boel, Sondang Pintauli
The gonial angle (mandibular angle) is a radiomorphometric index from the angle of the mandible, which is formed between the inferior border and the posterior border of the mandible. The mandible is one of the causes of various forms of malocclusion. This study was conducted to determine the changes...

Cephalometric Value of Batak Ethnic

Mimi Marina Lubis, Hilda Fitria Lubis, Siti Bahirrah
Cephalometry is an essential diagnostic tool to obtain cranial radiograph that is necessary in complex assessment of cranium and orofacial. The cephalometric value is necessary in establishing a diagnosis and developing a comprehensive treatment plan. The standard cephalometric value could not be applied...

The Effectivity of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) Extract Against Porphyromonas Gingivalis ATCC® 33277™ (IN-VITRO)

Minasari, Dheina Leina Nasution
Lemongrass extract contains citral and geranial that act as the antibacterial property. The mechanism of citral that acts as antibacterial agent is the "hydrophobicity" characteristic that able to rip apart the mitochondria's lipid layer of the membrane cell. The alcohol compound can also cause the denaturation...

Lack of Awareness and Self-Neglect in a Patient with Suspicious Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Case Report

Mohammad Reza, Harum Sasanti Yudoyono, Gus Permana Subita
Ninety percent of malignant tumors that present in the mouth are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It may affect any anatomical site in the mouth, but most commonly found on the lip, ventral or lateral tongue and the floor of the mouth. These lesions are seen as red, white, red-white, exophytic, or ulcerative...

The Effect of Immersed Heat Cured Acrylic Resin Denture Base in Chlorhexidin and Extract of Roselle Flower towards Color Stability

Mohammad Zulkarnain, Putri Angelyna
The most commonly used denture base material is heat cured acrylic resin. This material possesses chemical properties, such as color stability. Discoloration of the denture base can be caused by the use of disinfectant solution on daily basis. This is caused by the characteristic of acrylic resin which...

The Effect of Premolar Extraction on Bolton Overall Ratio in Class I Malocclusion at RSGMP FKG USU

Mutia Amalia Nasution, Siti Bahirrah, Amalia Oeripto
In orthodontics treatment, to obtain a good and stable occlusion, harmony between the combined mesiodistal width of maxillary teeth and that of mandibular teeth must be attempted. Extraction of premolar is routinely carried out as part of orthodontic treatment, but it can lead to the changes of the overall...

Identification of MSX1 Mutation in Malaysian Hypodontia Family

Nabilah Muhamad Zamil, Nor Aini Mohamed Yussof, Yunita Dewi Ardini, Widya Lestari
Hypodontia is defined as the absence of one to six teeth. There is high prevalence of hypodontia recorded in Malaysia (2.8%). This study aimed to identify any mutation of MSX1 in Malaysian family with hypodontia and its clinical finding. We re-examined 4 individuals from a family of the previous PAX9...

Nonsurgical Treatment of Class III Malocclusion with Nonextraction and Extraction of Mandibular First Premolar

Nazruddin
Skeletal Class III malocclusion is some of the most complex cases to treat. Currently, orthognathic surgery and orthodontic camouflage are the standard technique for treating this condition in fully growing patients. With skeletal Class III orthodontic patients camouflage can be used to treat milder...