Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

Efficacy of Fluoride Varnish and Cheese on White Spot Lesions Remineralization: Evaluation Using Laser Fluorescence

Authors
Susi Sukmasari, Wan Nurfazliyana binti Wan Fauzi, Zati Balqis binti Mohammed Azme, Anisa Kusumawardani, Iswan Zuraidi Zainol
Corresponding Author
Susi Sukmasari
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.73How to use a DOI?
Keywords
White-spot, fluoride, cheese, Diagnodent reading
Abstract
Objective is to investigate the effectiveness of combining application of fluoride varnish with chewing cheese on white spot lesion remineralization. The research is a blinded quasi experimental study that was conducted on 521 occlusal white spot lesions (OWSL) of 69 dental students who were randomly assigned into three different treatment groups: Fluoride varnish (FV), Cheese (C) and combination of Fluoride varnish and Cheese (FVC). The reduction of Diagnodent reading (DR) values represented OWSL remineralization. The DR at screening was compared against DR at 2nd, 4th and 6th weeks of follow–up. Paired sample t-test and ANOVA test were used for data analysis. The research is a blinded quasi experimental study that was conducted on 521 occlusal white spot lesions (OWSL) of 69 dental students who were randomly assigned into three different treatment groups: Fluoride varnish (FV), Cheese (C) and combination of Fluoride varnish and Cheese (FVC). The reduction of Diagnodent reading (DR) values represented OWSL remineralization. The DR at screening was compared against DR at 2nd, 4th and 6th weeks of follow–up. Paired sample t-test and ANOVA test were used for data analysis. The mean (±SD) DR of FV at 2nd, 4th and 6th weeks follow-up were 13 (±5.4), 10(±7.53), 10(±7.23) and 9 (±6.23); those of C were 13 (±5.15), 11(±7.46), 11(±6.96) and 10(±7.04); and those of FVC were 14(±5.56), 13(±9.81), 12(±8.57) and 11(±7.31) respectively. There was a significant reduction of DR within each group (p=0.00). Among the 3 groups compared, DR was significantly reduced (p=0.021) at 2nd week between FV and FVC. However, there was no significant difference in DR between FV and C (p=0.781) or between C and FVC (p=0.115). No significant difference (p>0.05) in DR at screening, and at the 4th and 6th weeks was observed among all 3 groups. All 3 treatments had remineralization effect on white spot lesions with significant results at 2nd week. However, the most effective treatment could not be determined
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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.73How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Susi Sukmasari
AU  - Wan Nurfazliyana binti Wan Fauzi
AU  - Zati Balqis binti Mohammed Azme
AU  - Anisa Kusumawardani
AU  - Iswan Zuraidi Zainol
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - Efficacy of Fluoride Varnish and Cheese on White Spot Lesions Remineralization: Evaluation Using Laser Fluorescence
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.73
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.73
ID  - Sukmasari2018/02
ER  -