Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

The Effect of Bleaching on the Morphology of Enamel

Authors
Kavita, Sumadhi Sastrodihardjo
Corresponding Author
Kavita
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.40How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Bleaching, morphology, enamel tissue, protein, hydroxyapatite
Abstract
Enamel of the teeth is the hardest tissue in the human body which protects them. The composition of enamel is 94-96% inorganic, 1% organic, and 4-5% water. Discoloration of the enamel which may be caused by chemicals, medicine or trauma has a psychological impact in person, characterized by lack of self-confidence. The bleaching material will produce free radicals and interact with the source of the discoloration causing compounds and break down the discoloration molecular bonds into simple compound forms resulting in elimination of discoloration and reaching the saturation point. If continue this process (over bleaching), it will damage the tooth structure. Bleaching materials give unwanted side effects on the enamel tissue, particularly changes in enamel morphology such as porosity, crater, depression, increased enamel depth, and missing asprimatic layers. Lack of attachment between hydroxyapatite crystals after exposure to bleaching materials can occur due to the enamel experiencing protein characterized by the formation of larger crystal gaps, altered crystalline shapes, and increased porosity. This article will also describe a mixture of sweet potatoes with a solution of hydrogen peroxide during the bleaching process in order to reduce free radical resulting in reduced risks on the morphology of enamel such as morphological surface irregularities, reduced groove, and no crater.
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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.40How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kavita
AU  - Sumadhi Sastrodihardjo
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - The Effect of Bleaching on the Morphology of Enamel
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.40
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.40
ID  - Kavita2018/02
ER  -