Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification
- Siti Fatimah Rahamat, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan, Zurainie Abllah
- Corresponding Author
- Siti Fatimah Rahamat
Available Online February 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70How to use a DOI?
- Demineralization, remineralization, calcium, VCO, coconut milk
- Demineralization causes plaque calcium (Ca) to dissolve out from the enamel. Prolonged condition would allow enamel caries to worsen. To reverse the condition via remineralization, abundant of free available Ca and phosphorus (P) in the saliva are required. Thus, daily diet with high Ca and P content are important to ensure the continuous supply of Ca and P. Being one of Malaysia's major component of medical applications and daily consumptions, virgin coconut oil (VCO), coconut milk (CM), and coconut water (CW) are yet to be discovered their mineral content especially Ca and P. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. Inductive coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in analyzing the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. After acid digestion (Method 3051a) using Teflon vessels under 170°C, the samples were diluted and the readings were compared. The Ca concentration in descending order VCO (0.47±0.15), CW (0.45±0.05) and CM (0.44±0.15), while P concentration in descending order is as follows CM (0.25±0.05), CW (0.09±0.05), and VCO (0.05±0.06). With no huge difference in Ca content, CM is considered to exhibit a high Ca and P content in total. In conclusion, CM exhibits a promising remineralization potential on enamel caries with high Ca and P content.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Siti Fatimah Rahamat AU - Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan AU - Zurainie Abllah PY - 2018/02 DA - 2018/02 TI - Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification BT - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70 ID - FatimahRahamat2018/02 ER -