Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification

Authors
Siti Fatimah Rahamat, Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan, Zurainie Abllah
Corresponding Author
Siti Fatimah Rahamat
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Demineralization, remineralization, calcium, VCO, coconut milk
Abstract
Demineralization causes plaque calcium (Ca) to dissolve out from the enamel. Prolonged condition would allow enamel caries to worsen. To reverse the condition via remineralization, abundant of free available Ca and phosphorus (P) in the saliva are required. Thus, daily diet with high Ca and P content are important to ensure the continuous supply of Ca and P. Being one of Malaysia's major component of medical applications and daily consumptions, virgin coconut oil (VCO), coconut milk (CM), and coconut water (CW) are yet to be discovered their mineral content especially Ca and P. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. Inductive coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used in analyzing the Ca and P content in VCO, CM, and CW. After acid digestion (Method 3051a) using Teflon vessels under 170°C, the samples were diluted and the readings were compared. The Ca concentration in descending order VCO (0.47±0.15), CW (0.45±0.05) and CM (0.44±0.15), while P concentration in descending order is as follows CM (0.25±0.05), CW (0.09±0.05), and VCO (0.05±0.06). With no huge difference in Ca content, CM is considered to exhibit a high Ca and P content in total. In conclusion, CM exhibits a promising remineralization potential on enamel caries with high Ca and P content.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Siti Fatimah Rahamat
AU  - Wan Nor Hayati Wan Abd Manan
AU  - Zurainie Abllah
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - Remineralization Evaluation of Cocos Nucifera Extracts via Element Quantification
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.70
ID  - FatimahRahamat2018/02
ER  -