Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

The Relationship of Trauma from Occlusion with Chronic Periodontitis Based on the Quality and Quantity of Alveolar Bone in the Radiographic Features

Authors
Dharshini Neelamegan, Rini Octavia Nasution
Corresponding Author
Dharshini Neelamegan
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.19How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Trauma from occlusion, periodontitis, alveolar bone, quality and quantity, radiographic features
Abstract
Periodontitis has been defined as the presence of gingival inflammation at sites where there has been a pathological detachment of collagen fibers from cementum, the junctional epithelium has migrated apically, and bone loss can be detected radiographically. One of the factors, thought to be responsible for the initiation of inflammatory periodontal disease, is occlusal trauma. The purpose of this study is to find the relationship of trauma from occlusion with chronic periodontitis based on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone in the radiographic features.This study is a descriptive analytical research with cross-sectional approach and the sample is determine by accidental sampling. According to the study, 11 patients were found with total 74 teeth and had been divided to 35 teeth due to trauma from occlusion and 39 teeth with normal occlusion at the Periodontal Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry USU Medan both men and women at the age of 40 to 60 years old. This study begins by filling in the informed concent, clinical examination of the oral cavity and periapical radiographic images in the patient. Data analysis was performed by using a Chi Square test to determine the relationship of trauma from occlusion with chronic periodontitis based on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone in the radiographic features. The result of statistical test shows that there is a significant correlation between trauma from occlusion with periodontal ligament space (mesial) with p = 0,001 (p <0,005), lamina dura (mesial) with p = 0,000 (p <0,005) and pattern of alveolar bone destruction (both mesial and distal) with p = 0,000 (p <0,005). The statistical test also showed that there is no significant relationship between trauma from occlusion with periodontal ligament space (distal) with p = 0,051 (p <0,005), lamina dura (distal) with p = 0,082 (p <0,005) and loss of bone height with the value p = 0.577 (p <0.005). The results show that there is an associated relationship of trauma from occlusion with chronic periodontitis based on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone in radiographic features.
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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.19How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dharshini Neelamegan
AU  - Rini Octavia Nasution
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - The Relationship of Trauma from Occlusion with Chronic Periodontitis Based on the Quality and Quantity of Alveolar Bone in the Radiographic Features
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.19
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.19
ID  - Neelamegan2018/02
ER  -