Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

Relationship between Cigarette Smoking and Candida Colony Count in Dental Student at Faculty of Dentistry University of Sumatera Utara

Authors
Puteri Ridha Ramadhani, Nurdiana, Pocut Astari
Corresponding Author
Puteri Ridha Ramadhani
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.59How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Candida colony count, cigarette smoking, duration of smoking, number of cigarettes smoked, type of cigarette, cigarette exposure time.
Abstract
Cigarette smoking can be described as an activity where a person is enjoying the nicotine smoke produced from the burning tobacco. It contains 4800 chemical substances that are harmful to the body such as nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, which then cause changes to the oral cavity. One of the changes is the increase of candida colony count that will lead to abnormal alterations of the oral cavity such as candidiasis. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between cigarette smoking and candida colony count in dental student at Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sumatera Utara using analytic method with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted at Faculty of Dentistry University of Sumatera Utara and Microbiology Laboratory Faculty of Maths and Sciences University of Sumatera Utara on 57 male active smokers. Questionnaire was given to the subjects to gain information about smoking habits and swabs from dorsal of the tongue were examined. The data was statistically analysed using chi-square and p value <0,05 considered as statistically significant. The results showed that subjects were mostly found to be in age group range 17-25 years old. Duration of smoking mostly found was 6 years. Number of cigarettes mostly smoked was >10 cigarettes per day. The type of cigarette mostly smoked was filtered-cigarette. Cigarette exposure time mostly found was >15 cigarette-years. There was a significant relationship between candida colony count and number of cigarettes smoked (p=0,029), but not with duration of smoking (p=0,326). There was also significant relationship between candida colony count and cigarette exposure time (p=0,001), but not with the type of cigarette consumed (p=0,951). The conclusions are both number of cigarettes smoked and cigarette exposure time have significant relationships with candida colony count whereas duration of smoking and type of cigarette did not have significant relationships with candida colony count.
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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.59How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Puteri Ridha Ramadhani
AU  - Nurdiana
AU  - Pocut Astari
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - Relationship between Cigarette Smoking and Candida Colony Count in Dental Student at Faculty of Dentistry University of Sumatera Utara
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.59
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.59
ID  - RidhaRamadhani2018/02
ER  -