Proceedings of the International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)

The Difference Number of Bacterial Colonies between Smokers and Non-smokers Gingivitis Patients in Periodontics Department at USU Dental Hospital

Authors
Regina Carsa Bagin Apriani, Pitu Wulandari, Martina Amalia
Corresponding Author
Regina Carsa Bagin Apriani
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.64How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Gingivitis, plaque, bacteria, periodontal, smokers
Abstract
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammation disease which caused by bacteria in the periodontal tissues. The predisposing factors are smoking, stress and alcohol consumption. Smoking can deteriorate the dental health and increase the risk of gingivitis. Smoking may causes various diseases in oral cavities, such as stein formation on tooth surfaces. The tar, which settled on the teeth, will cause aesthetic problem and makes the teeth surfaces become rough. Thus it could easily cause plaque accumulation. Plaque-induced Gingivitis was related to the accumulation of bacterial plaque. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference number of bacterial colonies between smoker and non-smokers gingivitis patients in periodontics department at USU Dental Hospital. This research was a cross-sectional analytic study that uses the questionnaire and clinical examination such as gingival index, plaque control record and examination of the number of bacterial colonies. The examination was performed to 70 gingivitis patients, 35 who are smokers and 35 who are non-smokers. Based on non-parametric Mann-Whitney test result, there was significant difference (p <0.05) between the number of bacterial colonies on smokers and non-smokers gingivitis patients (p = 0.001) and a significant difference (p <0.005) between the accumulation of plaque in smokers and non-smokers gingivitis patients (p = 0.008). As a conclusion, there were differences in the number of colonies of bacteria between smokers and non-smokers gingivitis patients and differences of plaque accumulation between smokers and non-smokers gingivitis patients.
Open Access
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Proceedings
International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-474-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.64How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Regina Carsa Bagin Apriani
AU  - Pitu Wulandari
AU  - Martina Amalia
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - The Difference Number of Bacterial Colonies between Smokers and Non-smokers Gingivitis Patients in Periodontics Department at USU Dental Hospital
BT  - International Dental Conference of Sumatera Utara 2017 (IDCSU 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.64
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idcsu-17.2018.64
ID  - CarsaBaginApriani2018/02
ER  -