Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials

Integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse

Authors
Yuhong Sun, Na Zhang, Xianfeng Shi, Mi Tang, Mobing Zhou, Weishun Cheng, Hongxia Zeng, Yuhua Li, Jian Ren, Jinguang Peng
Corresponding Author
Yuhong Sun
Available Online September 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124How to use a DOI?
Keywords
bottle gourd rootstocks, watermelon graft-union, Lycoriella pleuroti, Scatella tenuicosta, pest management
Abstract
Lycoriella pleuroti Yang et Zhang (Diptera : Sciaridae) and Scatella tenuicosta Bennison (Diptera : Ephydridae) have become major pests on greenhouse seedlings and caused lots of economic losses, which has greatly restricted the development of modern facility agriculture in Wuhan. We reported here the first integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse. In this study, we conducted pretreatment to control pest population in greenhouse by isothiocyanate and dichlorvos (DV). The treatment reduced 72.8-77.3% adult pests compared with control. Moreover, we conducted two kinds of methods to protect bottle gourd rootstocks and graft-unions from pest damage, i.e. pesticide-mixed soil for sowing and DE covering. The results showed low or no toxicity to bottle gourd seedlings and the protection efficiency arranged from 75-100%. This study will be a guideline for facility cultivation of watermelon. The application of safe and low toxic pesticides will greatly improve the quality and safety of watermelon products, which is also beneficial for the sustainable development of facility agriculture.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
September 2015
ISBN
978-94-6252-117-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yuhong Sun
AU  - Na Zhang
AU  - Xianfeng Shi
AU  - Mi Tang
AU  - Mobing Zhou
AU  - Weishun Cheng
AU  - Hongxia Zeng
AU  - Yuhua Li
AU  - Jian Ren
AU  - Jinguang Peng
PY  - 2015/09
DA  - 2015/09
TI  - Integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse
BT  - Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 659
EP  - 664
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124
ID  - Sun2015/09
ER  -