Integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse
Yuhong Sun, Na Zhang, Xianfeng Shi, Mi Tang, Mobing Zhou, Weishun Cheng, Hongxia Zeng, Yuhua Li, Jian Ren, Jinguang Peng
Available Online September 2015.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124How to use a DOI?
- bottle gourd rootstocks, watermelon graft-union, Lycoriella pleuroti, Scatella tenuicosta, pest management
- Lycoriella pleuroti Yang et Zhang (Diptera : Sciaridae) and Scatella tenuicosta Bennison (Diptera : Ephydridae) have become major pests on greenhouse seedlings and caused lots of economic losses, which has greatly restricted the development of modern facility agriculture in Wuhan. We reported here the first integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse. In this study, we conducted pretreatment to control pest population in greenhouse by isothiocyanate and dichlorvos (DV). The treatment reduced 72.8-77.3% adult pests compared with control. Moreover, we conducted two kinds of methods to protect bottle gourd rootstocks and graft-unions from pest damage, i.e. pesticide-mixed soil for sowing and DE covering. The results showed low or no toxicity to bottle gourd seedlings and the protection efficiency arranged from 75-100%. This study will be a guideline for facility cultivation of watermelon. The application of safe and low toxic pesticides will greatly improve the quality and safety of watermelon products, which is also beneficial for the sustainable development of facility agriculture.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yuhong Sun AU - Na Zhang AU - Xianfeng Shi AU - Mi Tang AU - Mobing Zhou AU - Weishun Cheng AU - Hongxia Zeng AU - Yuhua Li AU - Jian Ren AU - Jinguang Peng PY - 2015/09 DA - 2015/09 TI - Integrated management of new-found pests on bottle gourd rootstocks and watermelon graft-unions in greenhouse BT - Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials PB - Atlantis Press SP - 659 EP - 664 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.124 ID - Sun2015/09 ER -