Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials

Optimization of the Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal from the Rural Domestic Wastewater using Taguchi Experimental Design Method

Authors
M. Osman Khairalla Ahmed, Xiwu Lu
Corresponding Author
M. Osman Khairalla Ahmed
Available Online September 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.235How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Taguchi method; orthogonal array design; ANOVA; Signal to noise ratio;
Abstract
In the present study, two stages of upflow anaerobic filters (UAF) were applied and the performance efficiency of UAF reactor was evaluated for rural domestic wastewater treatment under different operational conditions such as temperature (T), hydraulic retention time (HRT), acidity (pH) and different organic loading rates (OLR). In addition, the optimal chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and operation factors were determine by using Taguchi experimental design method. An L9 (34) orthogonal array was selected as the experimental plan for the four parameters mentioned above. The results demonstrated that all the factors had a significant influence on the COD removal efficiency. The obtained results allowed concluding that the optim-al conditions in term of COD removal were initial pH of the wastewater of 7, temperature of 25 ºC, HRT of 1.5 day and OLR of 0.166 Kg. COD/m3.day. Moreover, the results showed that the HRT had highest percen-tage contribution in the COD removal process with 39.92 %, followed by temperature of 33.78%, OLR of 13.75% and the pH of 9.18%. Confirmatory experiments conducted at the optimized conditions and compared with the predicted result show a good agreement. At the end of the experimental study, the UAF reactor operated three months with real domestic wastewater and the obtained COD removal results at these optimum conditions was 56.5% with an average final COD concentration of 89.1 mg/l.
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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
September 2015
ISBN
978-94-6252-117-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.235How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - M. Osman Khairalla Ahmed
AU  - Xiwu Lu
PY  - 2015/09
DA  - 2015/09
TI  - Optimization of the Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal from the Rural Domestic Wastewater using Taguchi Experimental Design Method
BT  - Proceedings of the 2015 International Forum on Energy, Environment Science and Materials
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 1287
EP  - 1292
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.235
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ifeesm-15.2015.235
ID  - Ahmed2015/09
ER  -