The Nasakom Ideology in the Short Stories of Varia Magazine
- 10.2991/assehr.k.200729.019How to use a DOI?
- short story, Nasakom, Soekarno, characters, Varia
The concept of Nasakom was one of the most important pillars of Indonesian president Soekarno’s Guided Democracy in 1965. Fundamentally, Nasakom is an attempt to merge three major ideologies: (1) nationalism as an attitude of defense and love for the state, (2) religion as an attitude of trust in God, (3) and communism as the attitude of struggle of the Marhaenist to be free from oppression. In 1960s Indonesia, magazines were one example of printed mass media that spread the concept of Nasakom. The inclusion of Nasakom in magazines also influenced the short stories included. This essay addresses Nasakom through the lens of the characters in three short stories in Varia magazine published in 1965: “Malam Tari Panen Bahagia,” “Potret,” and “Pergumulan Iman.” To support the discussion of this article, the researchers use the characterization analysis method to analyze the literature through the lens of sociology as a reflection of the government’s thinking during the Guided Democracy period. This article describes the nationalism, religion, and communism ideologies that go together in everyday life as a manifestation of Nasakom, which is conveyed through the attitudes of the characters in the short story. This research is significant in elucidating the function, role, and position of literature in history as the disseminator of Nasakom in Soekarno’s administration in 1965.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Syifa Hanifah AU - Mamlahatun Buduroh PY - 2020 DA - 2020/07/30 TI - The Nasakom Ideology in the Short Stories of Varia Magazine BT - Proceedings of the International University Symposium on Humanities and Arts (INUSHARTS 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 96 EP - 100 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200729.019 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.200729.019 ID - Hanifah2020 ER -