Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)

Solid Sorption Refrigeration With Calcium Chloride Methanolates on Technical Scale

Authors
Karsten Neumann, Marlies Wiegand, Oliver Opel, Kathrin Korhammer
Corresponding Author
Karsten Neumann
Available Online 4 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.022How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Chemisorption refrigeration, calcium chloride, methanol, technical scale, thermochemical storage
Abstract

Thermochemical solid/gas sorption systems are known for their environmental benefits. They can use low-grade temperature sources for supplying cold storage and cooling of buildings. The thermochemical working pair calcium chloride/ methanol is well suited for sorption refrigeration and storage due to low costs, high energy density and good cyclability. The energy storage capacity results from the reversible sorption of methanol by the salt. Heating up the salt (desorption) stores thermal energy. Refrigeration results from the endothermic methanol evaporation which is induced by the salt reabsorbing the methanol and thus lowering the methanol vapor pressure. This study presents results from a 2 kW technical scale demonstrator of a closed thermochemical process with calcium chloride/ methanol. The demonstrator consists of two alternatingly working sorption reactors to enable continuous operation. The operation was done under atmospheric pressure using fans for the mass transport of methanol. Overall functionality is demonstrated by supplying up to 5 kWh of stored cooling energy from a reactor containing 9.7 kg dried calcium chloride. Optimization potentials are identified in desorption temperatures of around 90°C and/or condenser temperatures around 15°C, reduction of pressure and the use of mechanical compression.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Download article (PDF)

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Engineering
Publication Date
4 February 2021
ISBN
10.2991/ahe.k.210202.022
ISSN
2589-4943
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.022How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Karsten Neumann
AU  - Marlies Wiegand
AU  - Oliver Opel
AU  - Kathrin Korhammer
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02/04
TI  - Solid Sorption Refrigeration With Calcium Chloride Methanolates on Technical Scale
BT  - Proceedings of the 14th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2020 (IRES 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 142
EP  - 149
SN  - 2589-4943
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.022
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahe.k.210202.022
ID  - Neumann2021
ER  -