Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Health Research (ISHR 2019)

The Effect of School-Based Program of Iron Supplementation in Preventing and Controlling Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Adolescent Girls: Literature Reviews

Authors
N. M. Parwati, Pande Januraga, Suarjaya
Corresponding Author
N. M. Parwati
Available Online 22 February 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.025How to use a DOI?
Keywords
effects, iron supplementation, adolescent girls, school based
Abstract
The iron nutrition supplementation is an intervening strategy in tackling the anaemia deficiency among children and adolescent girls for the realization of a healthy and productive generation. To measure the effect of iron supplementation programs in increasing the concentration of haemoglobin and serum ferritin for the prevention and control of iron deficiency. The literature review was conducted using the sources from PubMed, Ebsco Health and Google Scholar database. Searches were limited to journals published between 2010 and 2019. There were 11 articles related to the effects of iron supplementation programs and iron fortification in schools. The articles discussed the intervention study that assessed the effects of iron supplementation in increasing the level of haemoglobin and serum ferritin. We found that there were variations in hematologic responses. Additionally, there was a significant increase in the level of haemoglobin and serum ferritin after the intervention of the program. The main predictor of the increase of the level of haemoglobin was the initial status of Hb. We also found, however, that there were insignificant results in the samples with high initial haemoglobin level as well the intervention with the lack of supervision. Moreover, we found that during the period of 12-to-24-week intervention with frequency of the iron supplementation once a week, the concentration of haemoglobin decreased from 121.5 g/l, and on the 36th week, there was a decrease of haemoglobin level to 119.1 g/l. The occurrence of the side effect of iron varies based on the frequency of the intervention. The implementation of a school-based program of iron supplementation is effective to increase the levels of Hb and ferritin in blood. The management of the program needs to involve the family members in terms of monitoring the constancy and the side effects. The sustainability of the program needs to be strengthened through education and motivation to teachers and students as well as the development of a comprehensive integrated system for the prevention and control of anaemia deficiency.
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Proceedings
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
22 February 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-911-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.025How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - N. M. Parwati
AU  - Pande Januraga
AU  - Suarjaya
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/02/22
TI  - The Effect of School-Based Program of Iron Supplementation in Preventing and Controlling Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Adolescent Girls: Literature Reviews
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 126
EP  - 132
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.025
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200215.025
ID  - Parwati2020
ER  -