Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Intelligent Systems Research and Mechatronics Engineering

Chiral Symmetry Breaking Induced by Temperature Fluctuation in an Open System to Mimic Chirality Evolution in Nature

Authors
Weichun Pan, Jin Xu, Yugao Sun, Ang Li, Yuying Fu
Corresponding Author
Weichun Pan
Available Online April 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/isrme-15.2015.156How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Crystal structure; Chiral symmetry breaking; Nucleation; Natural crystal growth
Abstract

The chiral symmetry breaking during the nucleation and growth of sodium chlorate and sodium bromate from their aqueous solutions was investigated under natural unstirred conditions. The results suggested that temperature fluctuation inherently existing in nature is a possible main driving force causing fluctuating supersaturation conditions, under which the chiral symmetry breaking is induced. Density gradient in the solution associated with water evaporation and solute concentration variation causes natural convection, which was found to amplify the existed biased handed structure to yield high value of the absolute crystal enantiomeric excess (CEE) in the absence of external stirring. Experimental results also showed that the chiral symmetry breaking process induced by temperature fluctuation is not significantly affected by the presence of achiral solid particles.

Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Intelligent Systems Research and Mechatronics Engineering
Series
Advances in Intelligent Systems Research
Publication Date
April 2015
ISBN
978-94-62520-59-2
ISSN
1951-6851
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/isrme-15.2015.156How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Weichun Pan
AU  - Jin Xu
AU  - Yugao Sun
AU  - Ang Li
AU  - Yuying Fu
PY  - 2015/04
DA  - 2015/04
TI  - Chiral Symmetry Breaking Induced by Temperature Fluctuation in an Open System to Mimic Chirality Evolution in Nature
BT  - Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Intelligent Systems Research and Mechatronics Engineering
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 769
EP  - 775
SN  - 1951-6851
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/isrme-15.2015.156
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/isrme-15.2015.156
ID  - Pan2015/04
ER  -