Comparison of Accuracy and Predictive Results of ES-Holt Method and ANN-Back Propagation Method: Case Study of Number of Tourists
- 10.2991/aer.k.211106.083How to use a DOI?
- Forecasting; ES-Holt Method; ANN-Back Propagation Method; Number of Tourists
The COVID-19 pandemic has weakened many sectors, one of which is tourism. Almost all priority tourism locations of the government experience a significant decrease in the number of foreign and domestic visitors. This also impacts the level of welfare of the community around the tourism area. This study is conducted to compare the Exponential Smoothing (ES) Holt and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) Back Propagation methods. That aims to see how the effectiveness and accuracy of both methods to be applied to the predictive process of the number of tourist visits in North Maluku Province using the G-MFS-based MATLAB application. The data on the number of tourists were taken from the Central Statistics Agency of North Maluku Province in 2008-2019. The accuracy parameter indicates that the error for the Holt method has a MAPE value of 9.2976. As for the Back Propagation method, the error is smaller, with a MAPE value of 1.2585. From the results, in 2020 the number of tourists visiting North Maluku should have been around 13,868 people per month. This result can at least be compared to the number of real visitors in 2020 during the COVID-19 outbreak. There is a very high difference between what was predicted and what happened in the field. From the results of this research, it is expected that tourism-related parties or institutions can conduct further research and studies so that they can know the policies to be taken in order to increase the number of tourists visiting North Maluku Province.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Syaharuddin AU - Pardomuan Robinson Sihombing AU - Ahadiah Agustina AU - Nur Fitri Hidayanti AU - Novi Yanti Sandra Dewi AU - Zaenafi Ariani AU - Gilang Primajati PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11/23 TI - Comparison of Accuracy and Predictive Results of ES-Holt Method and ANN-Back Propagation Method: Case Study of Number of Tourists BT - Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 534 EP - 538 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211106.083 DO - 10.2991/aer.k.211106.083 ID - 2021 ER -