The GIS Analysis Use to Assess the Ecological and Economic Risks in Infrastructure Projects
- 10.2991/itsmssm-17.2017.62How to use a DOI?
- high-speed railway, risk assessment, nature protected areas, GIS technology
At present, Transbaikalia is territorially located in the interests zone of the largest foreign policy initiative of China- the project "Silk Road Economic Belt". The project provides a comprehensive deepening of trade-economic ties between Asia-Pacific countries. The creation of the infrastructure linking member states (China, Russia, Mongolia) is one of the priority directions of this cooperation. First of all, the possibility of constructing a high-speed railway (HSR) is considered. Analysis of the literature shows that HSRs exert an overall positive effect on the development of regional economies, especially on such brunches as tourism, information technology and regional cooperation. At the same time, like any economic entity, this initiative carries risks for the natural ecosystems of the region. The article considers some individual environmental aspects of this project in the Trans-Baikal Territory. The purpose of the research is to identify and estimate the territory valuable natural areas loss risk in the case of HSR project implementation. The results of spatial analysis in GIS show that the project is likely to endanger 43 out of 122 natural geosystems located in the Trans-Baikal Territory. According to the proposed route version, it won't cross any border of any nature reserve. The measures to mitigate and compensate for the negative impact of the new transport facility on the region geosystem are proposed.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nadezhda Pomazkova AU - Larisa Faleychik AU - Andrey Faleychik PY - 2017/12 DA - 2017/12 TI - The GIS Analysis Use to Assess the Ecological and Economic Risks in Infrastructure Projects BT - Proceedings of the IV International research conference "Information technologies in Science, Management, Social sphere and Medicine" (ITSMSSM 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 304 EP - 307 SN - 2352-538X UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/itsmssm-17.2017.62 DO - 10.2991/itsmssm-17.2017.62 ID - Pomazkova2017/12 ER -