Proceedings of the International Conference on Man-Power-Law-Governance: Interdisciplinary Approaches (MPLG-IA 2019)

Categories of Space and Time of the Concept “Reindeer Breeding” (in Even and Evenki)

Authors
Ekaterina Krivoshapkina, Svetlana Prokopieva
Corresponding Author
Ekaterina Krivoshapkina
Available Online December 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mplg-ia-19.2019.2How to use a DOI?
Keywords
concept, reindeer breeding, locality, temporality, Even, Evenki
Abstract

In the context of development of cognitive linguistics, the concept “reindeer breeding” must be regarded more extensive, namely, as a basic category of being for most indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia, and Russian Far East. Using the cognitive approach, its conceptual content must be addressed. Since conceptual, evaluative, and figurative components of the concept depend on specific feature of a particular linguoculture, it is important to investigate the concept in terms of linguoculturology, including inquiries into related languages, such as Even and Evenki. The mechanism of cognitive perception of space and time is complex, actively structuring our sensations, forming sensory images according to their objective prototypes and psycho-physiological characteristics of the human sensory apparatus as well as intellectual, emotional, and worldview background of the subject. The present study is devoted to studying categories of space and time of the concept “reindeer breeding” as a universal basic concept, serving as a key to comprehending perception, understanding of the world, and the worldview of the Even and the Evenki, representation of the linguistic picture of the world of Northern nomads. The core of the concept “reindeer breeding” includes a few characteristics relevant for linguistic consciousness of the Even and the Evenki. In Even оран means ‘reindeer’, дэлмичэ ‘herd’, оҥучин/оҥучон ‘pasturage of reindeer’, нулгэнмэй (нулгэдэк) ‘territory where nomads roam’, өримкэн/өрикит ‘nomad camp’. Respectively, in Evenki: орон means ‘reindeer’, сэсин (авду) ‘herd’, оҥковукит (тэнчэкит) ‘pasturage of reindeer’, нулгиктэкит ‘territory where nomads roam’, урикит ‘nomad camp’. The subject of research are the categories of space and time (locality and temporality), field arrangement of the concept “reindeer breeding” in Even and Evenki. The category of locality is a complex of means at various levels that are arranged as a field. It reflect certain variants of location in language: event-situational, event-dynamic, object-relative, subject-relative, and parametric. The category of locality is seme arranged, i.e. linguistic units are included in the field of locality based on the archeseme “place, space”. Locative meanings are graded in language: the core with the seme of space (place), the close periphery with the seme of locality (space statics), the far periphery with the seme of parametrics (shape, size, dimension, extent, distance). Space denotations and relations are differentiated and interact in linguistic representation. The category of locality is closely related to the category of temporality in the linguistic picture of the world as space and time as opposite universal categories of being are characterized as a dialectical unity in their interrelation. Temporality is a category that defines implementation of time relations in language. In linguistics, the category of temporality is investigated in grammar (traditionally), synsemantic, cognitive branch of linguistics, communicative and functional grammar.

Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Man-Power-Law-Governance: Interdisciplinary Approaches (MPLG-IA 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
December 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-854-3
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mplg-ia-19.2019.2How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ekaterina Krivoshapkina
AU  - Svetlana Prokopieva
PY  - 2019/12
DA  - 2019/12
TI  - Categories of Space and Time of the Concept “Reindeer Breeding” (in Even and Evenki)
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Man-Power-Law-Governance: Interdisciplinary Approaches (MPLG-IA 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 12
EP  - 17
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mplg-ia-19.2019.2
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mplg-ia-19.2019.2
ID  - Krivoshapkina2019/12
ER  -