Chronic Energy Malnutrition and Anemia in Pregnant Women in Medan
- 10.2991/phico-16.2017.15How to use a DOI?
- chronic energy malnutrition (CEM), anemia, pregnant women.
Chronic energy malnutrition (CEM) and anemia in pregnancy may affect the weight of babies born will have an impact on the quality of human resources. Anemia in pregnant women potentially endanger the mother and child and to this day it happened is still high in Indonesia, because that CEM and anemia require serious attention of all parties involved in health care. This study aims to determine the magnitude of the problem of anemia and chronic energy malnutrition (CEM) in pregnant women and analyze the relationship between CEM with the incidence of anemia in pregnant women in Medan. This study included a survey explanatory research with cross sectional design, conducted in four working area of community health centers in Medan (Belawan, Pekan Labuhan, Medan Deli and Terjun) on 114 pregnant women. CEM is determined by measuring the Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC). Blood hemoglobin concentration was measured by a "Hemoglobin Testing System: Quik-Check", plus the characteristic data of pregnant women (age, gestational age, pregnancy spacing, and parity) was obtained by questionnaire interviews. The results showed that of 114 pregnant women with 14,0 % was aged <20 years, 42.1% in the 2nd trimester of gestation and 47.4% trimester 3. 52.6% of pregnant women with pregnancy spacing <24 months and 27 2% parity > = 3. Chronic energy malnutrition (CEM) in pregnant women was 23.7% and 44.7% anemia. Chi square analysis results obtained significant relationship between CEM with anemia in pregnant women with OR of 4.082 95% CI 1.604 to 10.387. This shows that pregnant women who are at risk of anemia CEM four times greater compared with pregnant women who are not CEM. There was a significant correlation between anemia and CEM, and CEM was a risk factor for anemia in pregnant women in Medan. Thus one of the efforts that need to be done in the context of prevention of anemia of pregnant women in Medan is to reduce the incidence of CEM. Improvements nutrition not only during pregnancy but before the mother into their pregnancy, so that mothers begin pregnancy at a good nutritional condition.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Zulhaida Lubis AU - Jumirah Jumirah AU - Maya Fitria PY - 2016/12 DA - 2016/12 TI - Chronic Energy Malnutrition and Anemia in Pregnant Women in Medan BT - Proceedings of the 1st Public Health International Conference (PHICo 2016) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 73 EP - 76 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/phico-16.2017.15 DO - 10.2991/phico-16.2017.15 ID - Lubis2016/12 ER -