Proceedings of the 1st Public Health International Conference (PHICo 2016)

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79 articles

Turmeric Can Prevent Cochlear Damage Due To Ototoxic Drugs

Tengku S.H. Haryuna, Sari Anggraini
The high use of ototoxic drugs, especially antibiotics such as aminoglycosides and anticancer drugs such as cisplatin still can not be avoided as a therapeutic option. The use of ototoxic drugs can cause damage to the cochlea, vestibule, and semicircular canals leading to hearing loss and balance disorders....

The Relation Of Peer Group With The Self-Concept Of Teenagers On Sexual Behavior

Delfriana Ayu A., Dinda Aljarina, Prodalima Sinulingga
Unhealthy sexual behavior among the teenagers, especially in those who are still single, tends to be increasing. Self-concept has influence on the behavior of the teenagers in which the teenagers will behave in accordance with the self-concept they own. The factor that can influence the forming of the...

Analysis of Elderly Women's Needs in Slum Area of Medan City

Asfriyati Asfriyati, Lita Sri Andayani
Life expectancy of women is higher compared to men, this affects the number of elderly women more than men. However, if the number of elderly women are not qualified, it will be burden for development. In order to maximize the role of service to elderly, it is needed to know first the needs of elderly...

Correlation Between 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Estradiol Serum Level in Determining Bone Density in Menopausal Women

Muhammad Rusda
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of the world's concern with high morbidity and mortality which is marked by low bone density which makes the bone fragile and increases the risk of fracture. It had be known that estrogen plays a role in women's bone health, that is to maintain the activity of osteoblasts...

Association of Multi-Drug Resistance-1 (MDR1) Gene Polymorphism with Leukocytopenia in Breast Cancer Patients treated with Chemotherapy

Siti Syarifah, Tri Widyawati, Kamal B.Siregar, Yahwardiah Siregar
Breast cancer incidence rates tend to increase in Indonesia and worldwide. Chemotherapy is an important breast cancer treatment which improve survival rate but also has many side effects. Leukocytopenia is one of the most common side effects that can be life-threatening due to opportunistic infection....

Histopathologic Evaluation of The Phyllodes Tumor

Lokot Donna Lubis
Phyllodes tumor is a group of tumors with spesific histopathologic features. The characteristic feature is a double layered epithelial component arranged in clefts surrounded by an overgrowing hypercellular mesenchymal components typically organized in leaf-like structures. Adjunctions subclassifications...

An Understanding Demographic Bonus and Its Implication among Teenagers in Deli Serdang District

Heru Santosa, Erna Mutiara, Juanita Juanita
Population structure in Deli Serdang District showed that the productive age (15-64 years) was greater than non-productive age (children and elderly). This condition is called demographic bonus, which is predicted will occur in 2020. The state of this demographic bonus will be very advantageous to be...

Sociodemographic and Male's Involvement in Reproductive Health

Siti Novianti, Rian Arie G., Iseu Siti Aisyah
Reproductive health is still considered part of the nature of women. The goal of the study was to evaluate the relationship between sociodemographics and male involvement. We conducted a population based cross sectional study in rural district of Nangtang Cigalontang Tasikmalaya. The study included 96...

The Relationship between Personal Hygiene and Helminthes Disease on Primary School Children in Terminal Disposal Waste Area

Evawany Aritonang, Albiner Siagian
More than two billion people worldwide infected with the worm. Several studies in Indonesia found 15-50% helminthes prevalence. Personal hygiene is one factor to helminthes disease and people in disposal waste area is high risk to infected especially primary student due to more active contact to the...

Body Mass Index and Triglyceride Levels of The Students of Faculty of Medicine University of North Sumatra 2016

Nenni Dwi Aprianti Lubis, Mutiara Indah Sari
Body mass index (BMI) is an approximate measure of your total body fat. Being underweight or overweight can cause health problems, especially if you are also inactive. These problems include heart disease and cardiovascular problems, diabetes, digestive problems, breathing problems and other problems....

Correlation Between the Vitamin D Intake with Clinical Symptoms of Patients Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Netti Suharti, Teda Faadhila, Delmi Sulastri
Vitamin D is known to enhance the immune response to mycobacteria. Approximately one million people worldwide are estimated to have vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency. Clinical symptoms of pulmonary TB patients affected by the immune response to mycobacteria and are not directly influenced by vitamin...

Dominant Factor Analysis of Hypertension in Pre-Elderly Men and Women in Puskesmas Rangkapanjaya, Depok City, 2016

Febrina Elisabeth, Defry Lesmana, Aulia Destanul
Hypertension is a condition in which the blood vessels increase in systolic blood pressure 140 mmHg and / or diastolic 90 mmHg. Hypertension is known as the silent killer, because it has no obvious signs or symptoms. This thesis aims to describe the general characteristics of sex, nutritional intake...

The Increase in Length of Infants Who Were Given The Complementary Feeding Mixed of Ripe Awak Bananas Flour and Soybean Sprouts

Jumirah Jumirah, Albiner Siagian, Zulhaida Lubis, Posman Sibuea
Growth disorders in children under five can occur since the age of 6 months. one of the strategies to tackle the problem is through complementary feeding. Ripe awak bananas has been used as baby food since long time ago, so it's worth developed into complementary feeding. The purpose of study was to...

Stunting and Anemia in Infants Among Breastfeeding Mothers in Binjai City

Etti Sudaryati, Ernawati Nasution, Ida Yustina
stunting, anemia, breastfeeding, infant.

Chronic Energy Malnutrition and Anemia in Pregnant Women in Medan

Zulhaida Lubis, Jumirah Jumirah, Maya Fitria
Chronic energy malnutrition (CEM) and anemia in pregnancy may affect the weight of babies born will have an impact on the quality of human resources. Anemia in pregnant women potentially endanger the mother and child and to this day it happened is still high in Indonesia, because that CEM and anemia...

Status of Mother's Bone Density (0-6 Months) Based on Pattern of Breastfeeding

Ernawati Nasution, Etti Sudaryati, Evi Naria
Breastfeeding protects mothers from osteoporosis. Osteoporosis, the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over timeThe women that did not breastfeed has four times greater risk of osteoporosis and often got hip fracture in years after menopause than women who are breastfeeding. After breastfeeding,...

Association Vitamin D Receptor (TaqI) Gene Polymorphism with Anthropometric Parameters and Blood Pressure of College Students in Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumatera Utara

Mutiara Indah Sari
Epidemiological studies suggest several genes from the vitamin D receptor have been implicated in obesity and cardiovascular disease. However, the findings were inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate TaqI polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene are associated with anthropometric...

Risk Factors for Severe Malnutrition in Under Five Children in Medan City

Erna Mutiara
Malnutrition in children under five years remains a serious public health problem. Medan city as the capital of the province of North Sumatera has the highest case of severe malnutrition compared to 32 districts/cities. Whereas the Medan City Health Office has made efforts maximally to reduce the number...

The Food and Nutrition Surveillance System Using Indicator and Analysis of Composite

Fickry Faisya, Anita Rahmiwati, Ari Wedhasmara
The problem of food's insecurity is multidimensional so that the solution's approach cannot depend on one side improvement. One of the ways to handle food's insecurity and knowing the food's security rate and vulnerability in a region is by arrangement of Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas (FSVA)....

Neck Circumference as Useful Marker of Obesity and Its Correlation with Triglyceride Levels

Mutiara Indah Sari, Zaimah Z Tala, Dewi Indah Sari
Hypertriglyceridemia is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Obesity often has a correlation with hypertriglyceridemia. Neck circumference (NC) is an anthropometric method of measuring upper body obesity. It is easy to use , innovative and time-saving. The aim of this study...

The Relationship Between School's Role in Monitoring Nutritional Status with Food Habit and Physical Activity of Primary School Students in Medan

Fitri Ardiani, Rusmalawaty Rusmalawaty
Nowdays, school is one of the environmental factors that affect the nutritional status of the student. The School Health Unit (UKS) and cafeteria as the school facilities, and extracurricular activities play an important role in achieving success in monitoring nutrition. The purpose of this study is...

Suplementation of Vitamin D in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis Ethnic Batak

Nita Andriani Lubis, Melviana Melviana, Bintang Y.M. Sinaga, Yahwardiah Siregar
Vitamin D has a complex action on the immune system, among other cathelicidin production stimulator which enhances phagocytosis magrofag. TB is an infectious disease which causes high mortality and morbidity in the world. Vitamin D will give the effect when it binds to its receptor (VDR). Variants VDR...

Work Posture Assessment with Application (Quick Exposure Check) at Boiler Stations

Ikhsan Siregar, Ridhaul Fuad, Yusuf Hanifiah
This research is in farm manufacturing. The manufacturing is less aspect health and occupational safety (K3) for each worker, especially in the boiler workers. Element works at the boiler station the disposal of burning done manually and repeatedly. Activity manual work done this repeating if done in...

Hazard Identification and Risk of Work Assessment on Street Sweeper in Medan City

Umi Salmah
In 2015 Social Security Agency Employment (BPJS) reported that in the first semester reached 50.089 cases of occupational accidents. The work accident can be avoided by knowing and recognizing the potential hazard and risk of work environment the act of controlling can be implemented. The purpose of...

Patient Safety Dimension in Primary Health Care Padang City

Rizanda Machmud, Dien Gusta Anggraini Nursal
Primary health care (PHC) in Padang, Indonesia has a significant barrier to assessing risk reduction strategy, due to difficulties in identifying medical errors and adverse events. It is thought that patient safety initiatives can be framed within a public health model of prevention, but the initiative...

Analysis of Lecturers and Employees Working Behavior Changing Against the Implementation of Safety Engineering and Environmental Health in Faculty of Engineering USU

Buchari Buchari, Nismah Panjaitan, Doli M. Jabbar Dalimunthe
One of the factors that causes of accidents due to the working risk on any production or business activities as well as Higher Education institutions is the human factor that more likely caused by the knowledge, attitudes and actions (behavior) of bad workers. There is still none data related to the...

Analysis of Accidents Through The Approach of Human Error and Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Elisabeth Ginting, Mangara M. Tambunan
Accident mainly caused by two factors that is, unsafe action and unsafe condition (Suma'mur:1981). Unsafe action was an act of unsafe done by operator while unsafe condition is the influence of a work environment where having two potentials to causing danger (hazard). Work accident occurred in X Company...

Health Impact of Pesticide Using Method At Sprayed Worker Farmer in Sumber Mufakat Village, Karo

Eka Lestari Mahyuni, Muhammad Makmur Sinaga
Pesticide using was a problem concern specialized in safety and health aspect. Missing at work method and not in procedure could increasing of health problem specialize to occupational accident and occupational disease. The purpose of this research was to know the health impact of pesticide from pesticide...

Relationship Occupational Health and Safety Promotion between Safety Behavior Production Workers in Palm Plant PTPN IV Kebun Bah Jambi

Halinda Sari Lubis, James Steven F.D.
PTPN IV Kebun Bah Jambi is a company that does cultivation and processing of palm fruits. According to PTPN IV Kebun Bah Jambi's report of work accidents, occurred 15 cases of work accidents during the period January 2013-December 2015, that the highest number of accidents occurred in 2015. The most...

The Influence of People's Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Traditional Treatment

Marniati Marniati
Traditional medicine is the treatment by means of drugs and treatment which refers to the experience and skills from generation to generation and it is applied in accordance with the norms prevailing in society. The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of people's knowledge and attitudes...

The Relationship Between Social and Cultural Factors with The Willingness of Mothers to Bring Their Babies for Immunization

Siti Zahara Nasution, Abdullah Husein Parinduri
immunization is an attempt to confer immunity in infants and children by incorporating the vaccine into the body so that the body makes antibodies body prevent certain diseases. Immunization coverage in 2014 as much (89.78%) decreased compared to previous years, this was due to their socio-cultural factors...

Studies of Utilization of Rural Health Post Based on Knowledge and Community Attitude

Zuhrina Aidha, Reni Agustina Harahap
Poskesdes (Rural Health Post) is a Community-Based Health Effort established to optimalize the potentials existing in the community to improve the health status and the utilization of health services. This quantitative study was to analyze utilization of rural health post by the knowledge and attitude...

Psychometric Properties of Indonesian Version of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire

Etti Rahmawati, Juliana Irmayanti Saragih, Nuovi Adeline
Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) is an instrument constructed by Peter Hills and Argyle to measure happiness. OHQ is considered a good instrument, has been translated into several languages and has been used widely in several countries for researchs. The objective of this study is to examine the...

Knowledge and Attitude of Female Sex Workers in Offering Condoms to Sex Customers in Medan

Dhani Syahputra Bukit
The high prevalence of HIV-AIDS in Medan North Sumatra as many as 3,780 cases and there has been a decrease in condom use (86%) to (51.5%) in 2011. In order to determine the cause of the condition it needs to be known description of female sex workers (FWS) behavior in offering condom for customers during...

Analysis of Lifestyle, Knowledge, Attitude, and Knowledge of Women Aged 20-50 Years Old with Vitamin D Deficiency-Insufficiency in North Sumatera, Indonesia

Dina Keumala Sari, Zaimah Zulkarnaini Tala, Sri Lestari, Sunna Vyatra Hutagalung, Ratna Akbari Ganie, Delina Sekar Harum
Study showed that 95% women had serum level of 25(OH)D lower than normal and women have riskier lifestyle than men, this is based on women's lifestyle, such as avoiding sun rays, sunblock application, low vitamin D intake, and low physical activity. As result of the deficiency, there will be increasing...

Health Promotion Management Model in Dealing with Tropical Diseases

Eddy Syahrial, Destanul Aulia, Logut Sutandra Siregar
Health promotion is a health program designed to make improvement such as a change in behavior in society, an organization or the environment, either physical, non-physical, socio-cultural, economical, political environment or others. PHBS (Clean and Healthy Lyfestyle Behavior) is the implementation...

The Enhancement of Pregnant Women's Knowledge and Attitude to Maternal Health through Art of `Dulmuluk' in Ogan Ilir District, South Sumatera

Rini Mutahar, Arie Kusumaningrum, Diana Dewi Sartika, Wasis Budiarto
Maternal health still become problem in Indonesia. Indonesia Health Demographic Survey found that postpartum visit in South Sumatera about 78%, exclusive breastfeeding 38%, and Early Latch on 29 %, all of them are under national average. Lack of knowledge and mother's attitude about maternal health associated...

Foot Care and Risk of Diabetic Foot in Patient with Type 2 Diabetes at H. Adam Malik Hospital Medan

Yesi Ariani, Rosina Br Tarigan, Aron Pase
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease which if not controlled can cause complications. One of the complications of type 2 diabetes is often the case of diabetic foot ulcers even amputation. The first step is prevention in saving the diabetic foot is by foot care. In addition, there should be early screening...

The Correlation Between Self Care Behavior and the Level of Hba1c of the Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Binjai City, Sumatera Utara Province

Rina Amelia, Harun Alrasyid Damanik, Dharma Lindarto, Erna Mutiara
Diabetes has become the fastest growing chronic disease in the world. Therefore, in order to manage it, behavioral changes in lifestyle including physical activity, dietary, monitoring of blood glucose levels (BGL), and obedience to treatment are needed. A good self care (self-management) of patients...

Fluid Management Correlation with the Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients in Medan

Cholina Trisa Siregar, Yusnaini Siagian
Purpose. Patients with chronic kidney failure who undergo hemodialysis therapy experience changes in all aspects of their lives, particularly in the limitation of fluid in order to be able to adapt so that they can improve their life qualities. Methods. This study aims to identify and explain the relationship...

The RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN The PRACTICE of SULUK with PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING among THE SALIKS at TAREKAT NAQSYABANDIYAH and NON-SALIKS

Raras Sutatminingsih
This research examines the relationship between the practice of suluk and psychological well-being among the saliks practicing suluk at Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah and among those who are non-saliks. This research uses method of quantitative method. The subjects of the study are the Muslim population in the...

Improving Clean and Healthy Living Behavior in the Poor Communities in Coaltal Area, Serdang Bedagai

Sri Fajar Ayu, Destanul Aulia, Meutia Nauly
One of the consequences of climate change is the increasing number of infectious diseases. Infectious diseases can actually be inhibited with a clean and healthy living behavior. This is proven by there is no indication of increaseing infectious diseases in developed countries where the implementation...

The Development of Community-Based Health Center Services In Banyuwangi

Jayanti Dian Eka Sari, Diansanto Prayoga
The purpose of this research is to analyze the health center services, analyze the potential benefits of health centers, making recommendations based service development and potential community health centers.This research uses descriptive analytic method with cross sectional approach. The results showed...

Provision of trauma care in Ministry of Public Health Hospitals Regional Health 3 Thailand

Nathakrid Thammakawinwong
Road accident tends to rise, resulting in enormous loss of lives and assets. According to statistics of deaths from road accident from The World Health Organization found that Thailand mortality rate was 38.1 deaths per 100,000 populations and 3rd in the world ranking. The purpose of this report was...

Measurement Model of Hospital Performance for Achieving Hospital Mission in Indonesia

Budi Hartono, Amal C. Sjaaf, Adang Bachtiar, Purnawan Junadi
Performance measurement is an important issue. This reminds that healthcare industry characteristic is unique rather than others. Health care with its all activities is a "high risk" industry. Performance measurement is the centre of quality improvement. From this, many factors or reasons related to...

The Baby's Rights in Exclusive Breastfeeding By Family in Suburban Areas

Ida Yustina, Fadilah Aini
In Indonesia, exclusive breastfeeding is a baby's right guaranteed and legal position by enactment No. 36 about health, particularly in subsection 128 paragraph (1) which states that each baby is entitled to exclusive breastfeeding from birth to six (6) months, unless medically indicated. But in reality,...

Relationship Between Climate Change and Tropical Disease in Poor Coastal Area, Serdang Bedagai

Destanul Aulia, Sri Fajar Ayu
The climate change in Indonesia has affected the fishing activity of fisheries in Indonesia, because the activity of fisheries is strongly influenced by climate change. The change in climate in Indonesia led to changes within the pattern of wind speed, current speed, precipitation, sea-surface temperature...

Blood Donor Information System Design Based on Web (Case Study in Pmi Tasikmalaya)

Rian Arie Gustaman, Eka Wahyu Hidayat
Based on the fact, that the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) Tasikmalaya have similar problems with other Red Cross branches, especially in the Blood Donor Unit. The problem is still using manual processing and the lack of data integration between the PMI to the Hospital Blood Bank (BDRs) so that one of the...

Architecture for Epidemiological Data Collection System

Erizal Salam, Sri Melvani Hardi, Ivan Jaya, Jos Timanta Tarigan
The spread of the disease in the region need to be known quickly in order to overcome as soon as possible, so it doesn't become a widespread epidemic. Many researcher of epidemiology in Indonesia collect primary data using interview method face-to-face. This method can take its advantage of social cues...

Information System Challenge on Performance Measurement Data in Indonesian Public Hospitals

Wulan I.R. Sari
According to Ministry of Internal Affairs Regulation [1], there are two sets of performance measurements data which apply to public hospitals as Local General Services Bodies (Badan Layanan Umum Daerah/BLUD): financial data and non-financial data on performance measurements. As public hospitals, public...