Intestinal Protozoa Infections and Associated Risk Factors in Rural Community of Samosir Island Indonesia
- 10.2991/phico-16.2017.79How to use a DOI?
- intestinal protozoa, personal hygiene, sanitation, toilet, water source, swine farming, Indonesia
Intestinal protozoa infections are still a major health concern in tropical countries and considered one of neglected tropical infections. Giardia lamblia as one of the human protozoa can cause significant morbidity. It is associated with lack of personal hygiene and environmental sanitation, such as inadequate toilet, lack of hand washing habit, unimproved water supply, and insufficient handling of foods. Some other protozoa such as Balantidium coli and Blastocystis hominis are correlated with the farming. However, data on the prevalence and risk factors is still scarce in Indonesia, Hence, this study was aiming to determine the correlation between the risk factors and the prevalence of protozoa infections among the community in Samosir Island, the island in the centre of Lake Toba, North Sumatera, Indonesia. This was an analytical study using cross-sectional design, conducted in 2015. Faecal samples were collected from 368 participants and then examined microscopically for qualitative analysis. Demographic data and risk factors were also collected using questionnaires, which was then analysed using computer statistical analysis program for data description and correlation. The study found that 23.1% of faecal samples were positive for intestinal protozoa. Giardia lamblia was the most common infection (12.23%), followed by Blastocystis spp. (4.89%) and Entamoeba coli (4.35%). There were also mix infections between species, each comprises around 1%. Indiscriminate defecation, lack of sufficient hand washing, unprocessed drinking water, and swine farming showed strong correlation, all of which with p value < 0.05. However, there was no correlation showed with cattle farming and water source.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Hemma Yulfi AU - Dewi Masyithah Darlan AU - Toni Wandra AU - Ivan Elisabeth Purba AU - Yunita Purba AU - John M. Saragih AU - Akira Ito PY - 2016/12 DA - 2016/12 TI - Intestinal Protozoa Infections and Associated Risk Factors in Rural Community of Samosir Island Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the 1st Public Health International Conference (PHICo 2016) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 406 EP - 411 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/phico-16.2017.79 DO - 10.2991/phico-16.2017.79 ID - Yulfi2016/12 ER -