Proceedings of the Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)

Response to Adriani & Kruyt (1914) About the Features of South Halmahera - West New Guinea Feature

Authors
Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Mahyuni Mahyuni, Sukri Sukri
Corresponding Author
Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
Available Online August 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.13How to use a DOI?
Keywords
phonological feature; basic vocabulary; culture vocabulary; top-down approach.
Abstract
This article intends to respond to the views of Dutch Scholars Adriani and Kruyt (1914) on the two phonological characteristics of South Halmahera-West New Guinea (SHWG). Methodologically the interview method was used to collect 200 basic vocabulary and 500 cultural vocabulary in six South Halmahera languages (Buli, Maba, Sawai, Gane, Taba, and Gebe), Amber, Maya (in Raja Ampat), and Biak languages. Data were analyzed using a top-down approach by looking at the realization of Proto-Austronesia (PAN) in these languages. The results of identification studies show that the final vocal removal in the SHWG languages occurs regularly but that change does not occur in all its members. For example, in the etymon *pija ‘how many’ and *pica ‘when’ in the Amber and Maya languages the vocal *a is still retained. In certain etymons, which are limited in number, there are final vowels that do not disappear but experience retention and innovation in the majority of SHWG members. For example, in etymon *ini, *gusi, *au, *kaSu, *siwa, *NiSawa, and *isa. The changes referred to are found in etymons which have the final vocals *i, *u, and *a. Second, it is different from the second feature regarding the removal of the middle position in the initial pressured word. From the data collected, this change is limited in number so that it cannot be used as a dominant feature of SHWG. Therefore, further studies need to be done on this matter.
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Proceedings
Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
August 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-775-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.13How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
AU  - Mahyuni Mahyuni
AU  - Sukri Sukri
PY  - 2019/08
DA  - 2019/08
TI  - Response to Adriani & Kruyt (1914) About the Features of South Halmahera - West New Guinea Feature
BT  - Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 91
EP  - 95
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.13
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.13
ID  - Burhanuddin2019/08
ER  -