Proceedings of the Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)

Use of Animal Metaphors in Javanese Language within Tengger Society

Authors
Dwi Handayani
Corresponding Author
Dwi Handayani
Available Online August 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.20How to use a DOI?
Keywords
animal metaphors; Javanese language; tengger society; sociolinguistics
Abstract
Language is a verbal product produced by humans to communicate with each other as a form of social interaction. Language helps humans to think regularly, patterned and systematically. Humans can express their meanings and feelings through language verbally and in written form. Javanese language has varied expressions including the use of animal metaphors. This study examines the use of animal metaphors in Javanese language within Tengger society. This study aims to describe the metaphorical forms of animal names used in the daily life of Tengger people. This study used interview method and direct observation to collect and obtain the data. The results shows that the expression of animal metaphors in Javanese language within Tengger society has varied forms, meanings, and purposes. Tengger people use animal metaphors to express their sense of humor, anger, disappointment, and so on. Animal metaphor is a type of figure of speech that aims to inform the other people about the similarity between human nature and animal’s respectively. Animal metaphors can also be aimed to show the equality between someone and particular animal depending on the context. Some Javanese idioms often use animal names as a connector to human’s attitudes, behavior, character and temperament. For example, lazy people are described as being equal with the nature and behavior of ula kadut (little wart snake) and people who have changeable attitude are described as identical with welut (eel). The use of animal metaphors indicates the richness and complexity of Javanese language. Within direct conversation, animal metaphors are used by the speaker to the interlocutor for emphasizing specific meanings. This study chose the topic of animal metaphors because it is quite interesting as a part of language expression and there is still a very few study examining this topic.
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Proceedings
Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
August 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-775-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.20How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dwi Handayani
PY  - 2019/08
DA  - 2019/08
TI  - Use of Animal Metaphors in Javanese Language within Tengger Society
BT  - Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 131
EP  - 134
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.20
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.20
ID  - Handayani2019/08
ER  -