Proceedings of the Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)

Kindergarten Teachers’ Directive Speech Acts for Parenting towards their Students In the Teaching-Learning Process in Yogyakarta

Authors
Surono Surono, Sumarlam Sumarlam, Tri Wiratno, Sri Marmanto
Corresponding Author
Surono Surono
Available Online August 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.50How to use a DOI?
Keywords
directives; speech acts; pragmalinguistics; parenting; parenting language
Abstract
This preliminary study is intended to find out the types of directive speech acts produced by the kindergarten teachers for parenting towards the students, to know the sentence types used by the teachers in the directives and to reveal the lingual and nonlingual markers are indicating the parenting for the kindergarten students by their teachers. The underlying theories of pragmatics, pragmalinguistics, parenting, and parenting language were used as the basis for solving the problems. This research belongs to ethnographic qualitative type. The research object is directive speech acts, while the research subject is the kindergarten teachers from six kindergartens in Yogyakarta plus two others outside the city. The data were gathered by using a passive participant observation method followed by recording and noting techniques. Meanwhile, Spradley’s model of data analysis was used to analyze the data, namely the procedural analysis and the lingual analysis. Pragmatic identity method was used in the lingual analysis. The research findings show that the types of directive speech acts produced by the kindergarten teachers for parenting towards their students consist of singing, guiding, commanding, requesting, suggesting, forbidding, inviting, and addressing or greeting. Guiding was the commonest type used by the teachers for parenting. Although having less pragmatic force, the kindergarten students were also ordered by the teachers by using various types of sentence, namely imperative, declarative, and interrogative. Concerning the lingual markers, with given reasons, the terms lho, (h)ayo, ya and passive imperative forms were very commonly used by the teachers to more politely ask the students to do something. Meanwhile, the teachers’ specific bodily actions while moving surrounding the class were most dominantly used by the teachers as the nonlingual markers for doing parenting for the kindergarten students. Whatever forms of directive speech acts produced by the kindergarten teachers, either polite or seemingly impolite, are aimed at doing parenting for the students.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)

Proceedings
Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
August 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-775-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.50How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Surono Surono
AU  - Sumarlam Sumarlam
AU  - Tri Wiratno
AU  - Sri Marmanto
PY  - 2019/08
DA  - 2019/08
TI  - Kindergarten Teachers’ Directive Speech Acts for Parenting towards their Students In the Teaching-Learning Process in Yogyakarta
BT  - Fifth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (PRASASTI 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 291
EP  - 297
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.50
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.50
ID  - Surono2019/08
ER  -