Democratic System in the Indonesian Constitution According to Maqasid Shari’ah
- 10.2991/assehr.k.201113.046How to use a DOI?
- Democracy, Indonesia, maqasid shari’ah
The modern world’s system of democracy originates from the West, as does democracy in Indonesia. Because of its Western origin, many of Indonesian Muslims consider it as not Islamic, and not in line with the government systems that had ever existed in Islamic history, that is, the putative Islamic khilafah (caliphs) or Islamic empire. Therefore, they refuse the implementation of democracy in a Muslim country like Indonesia. This paper analyzes whether or not the democratic system in Indonesia is in line with Islam. In doing so, this research uses the qualitative method, and takes up the theory of maqasid shari’ah for assessing the compatibility of democracy in Indonesia with Islamic values. The results indicate that Islam, as long as it bases its teachings on the so-called maqasid shari’ah (purposes of the Islamic law) is able to adapt to the development of time. Democracy, which gives equal rights to all humans of different backgrounds, is in line with the Islamic principles, which hold dears the values of justice and equality (‘adalah wa musawah), and the teachings that Islam is revealed as a blessing for all mankind (rahmatan lil ‘alamin). Thus, this paper concludes, the Indonesian democratic system does not contradict to the Islamic principles of state administration, which are based on the maqasid shari’ah, that is, to create justice, equality and freedom.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Alamsyah AU - Raesitha Zildjianda PY - 2020 DA - 2020/11/13 TI - Democratic System in the Indonesian Constitution According to Maqasid Shari’ah BT - Proceedings of the 1st Raden Intan International Conference on Muslim Societies and Social Sciences (RIICMuSSS 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 244 EP - 248 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201113.046 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.201113.046 ID - 2020 ER -