Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)

Association of Nutritional Status with Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in the Elderly

Authors
Olivia Charissa1, *, Dorna Yanti Lola Silaban2, Frisca3, Meilani Kumala4
1,2,3,4Nutrition Department Faculty of Medicine Tarumanagara University
*Corresponding author. Email: oliviac@fk.untar.ac.id
Corresponding Author
Olivia Charissa
Available Online 1 December 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.012How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Elderly; Nutritional status; Diabetes mellitus; Hypertension
Abstract

Background: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is one of the most common cause of death among any other causes. The prevalence of NCDs has been increasing in developing countries. Based on data from the World Health Organization, several NCDs such as cardiovascular disease, malignancy, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus (DM) cause 71% of deaths worldwide each year. Based on data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the prevalence of DM and hypertension in the elderly is 22-33% and 70%, respectively. Methodology: The number of samples in this cross-sectional analytical study were 441 of elderly. The calculation of the number of drop out was 10%. The inclusion criteria in this study were male and female, aged ≥ 60 years and willing to sign the informed consent. The data obtained were tested using the Chi square test. Results: 8.4% of research subjects with obesity hold high ad random blood glucose levels, and 14.7% hold a history of DM. A total of 70.3% of obese subjects hold high blood pressure and 42.3% had a history of hypertension. There was a statistically significant relationship between the nutritional status and previous history of hypertension (p-value = 0.013). There was no statistically significant relationship among nutritional status and ad random blood glucose levels, previous history of DM and high blood pressure of the research subjects (p-value = 0.212; 0.196; and 0.168).

Conclusion: There is association between nutritional status of the elderly with an increase of blood pressure but not associated with an increase in blood glucose level.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
1 December 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-473-5
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.012How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Olivia Charissa
AU  - Dorna Yanti Lola Silaban
AU  - Frisca
AU  - Meilani Kumala
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/12/01
TI  - Association of Nutritional Status with Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in the Elderly
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st Tarumanagara International Conference on Medicine and Health (TICMIH 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 63
EP  - 67
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.012
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.211130.012
ID  - Charissa2021
ER  -