Proceedings of the International Conference on Trends of Technologies and Innovations in Economic and Social Studies 2017

Employment of Women with Toddlers Sustainable Development Resource within Staff Shortage

Authors
Inna A. Kulkova, Mariia I. Plutova
Corresponding Author
Inna A. Kulkova
Available Online June 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ttiess-17.2017.64How to use a DOI?
Keywords
employment; women with toddlers; shortage of qualified personnel; gender discrimination in hiring
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of employment and employment problems of women with children under the age of 3 on the free labor market by the example of one of the Russian megacities. The reasons for the shortage of qualified personnel in the economy have been firstly studied and systematized, which are the demographic hole, the high mortality rate of the able-bodied population, less-effective migration policy and the shortcomings of vocational education. The structure of employment and gender-based employment problems in Yekaterinburg megacity is analyzed further. The professional structure of women's employment is described, and the indicators of female unemployment are analyzed. Then the methods used for conducting the author's research are justified. The study was conducted using the questionnaire in two stages. At the first stage, women with children younger than three years were surveyed in Yekaterinburg, at the second stage a survey of employers' representatives was conducted. Directors of 10 companies in Yekaterinburg took part in the study. A women's survey revealed their attitudes toward work and women's employment; preferences for the end of maternity leave; the difficulties in the course of employment and the organization of childcare; the most effective assistance measures in hiring. In the process of interviewing employers, it was found out that there was gender discrimination in hiring. The discussion revealed the main stop-factors in the development of employment of women with children. In conclusion, a contradiction among such factors as the shortage of skilled labor resources, the desire of women with children to work and the reluctance of employers to employ them for discriminatory reasons was determined.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Inna A. Kulkova
AU  - Mariia I. Plutova
PY  - 2017/06
DA  - 2017/06
TI  - Employment of Women with Toddlers Sustainable Development Resource within Staff Shortage
BT  - International Conference on Trends of Technologies and Innovations in Economic and Social Studies 2017
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5428
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ttiess-17.2017.64
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ttiess-17.2017.64
ID  - Kulkova2017/06
ER  -