Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)

The Roles of Abu Bakar Sidiq in Maintaining Lampung Residence During the Dutch Military Aggression II in North Lampung

Authors
Myristica Imanitamyristica.imanita@fkip.unila.ac.id
History Education, Lampung University, Lampung, Indonesia
Marzius Insanimarzius.insani@fkip.unila.ac.id
History Education, Lampung University, Lampung, Indonesia
Corresponding Author
Available Online 6 January 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.025How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Abu Bakar Sidiq; Biography; Defending Lampung Residency
Abstract

The Dutch managed to enter Lampung through the Port of Panjang on January 1st, 1949, which was the gateway to the southern tip of Sumatra and the territory of ARLI. The Dutch were able to easily control this territory because of their unbalanced strength and weaponry. The increasingly chaotic situation in Lampung caused the Lampung Residency to move from Talang Padang to Way Tenong and ended up in Bukit Kemuning, North Lampung. Abu Bakar Sidiq’s struggle to keep Lampung as part of the independent Republic of Indonesia was not easy. However, the struggle of Abu Bakar Sidiq and his troops was not fully recorded as part of the legacy of the local history of Lampung, which caused the role of Abu Bakar Sidiq as a regional hero not known by the people of Lampung even in his birthplace, Bukit Kemuning, North Lampung. The objectives of this research were (1) providing information about the biography and finding out the track record of Abu Bakar Sidiq’s struggle in Lampung; also (2) revealing the role of Abu Bakar Sidiq in defending Lampung Residency during the Dutch Military Aggression II in North Lampung. This research was qualitative research with historical methods and data collection techniques used library techniques, documentation, and interview with Abu Bakar Sidiq descendants. The results of this research indicated that Abu Bakar Sidiq was originally a TKR (People’s Security Army) commander with the rank of First Lieutenant in the Bukit Kemuning sub-district, North Lampung. Then, he served as commander of the Indonesian Special Police Force, chief of Marine Police staff, and lastly served as chairman of the Association of Indonesian Navy Base IA of Lampung Province. In addition, Abu Bakar Sidiq and his troops helped defend Indonesia’s independence in Lampung by guerrillas throughout the Lampung area, which was under attack from the Dutch. In the Dutch Aggression I and II, the Lampung government center (residence of Lampung) moved around until the Bukit Kemuning of North Lampung. Abu Bakar Sidiq placed his troops on guard on every road to Bukit Kemuning to keep the Lampung residency safe, intending to repel the enemy. In addition, Abu Bakar Sidiq recruited youths from Bukit Kemuning to become volunteer emergency troops (paramilitary troops) to increase strength and provide military training.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
6 January 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-509-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.025How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Myristica Imanita
AU  - Marzius Insani
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/01/06
TI  - The Roles of Abu Bakar Sidiq in Maintaining Lampung Residence During the Dutch Military Aggression II in North Lampung
BT  - Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 198
EP  - 204
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.025
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.025
ID  - Imanita2022
ER  -