Proceedings of the 1st UMGESHIC International Seminar on Health, Social Science and Humanities (UMGESHIC-ISHSSH 2020)

Differences in the Cognitive Processes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Students in Understanding Mathematical Problems Based on the Level of Intelligence

Authors
N Fauziyah
Corresponding Author
N Fauziyah
Available Online 21 October 2021.
DOI
10.2991/assehr.k.211020.038How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cognitive Processes, autism spectrum disorder, intelligence level, understanding mathematical problem
Abstract

The porpose of this study is to determine differences in the cognitive processes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) students in understanding mathematical problems based on different levels of intelligence. The subjects of this study consisted of 3 ASD high school students who had high, medium and low intelligence respectively. Data obtained through task-based interviews using triangulation. ASD subjects with a high intelligence level (ASDH) received information by reading the problem softly, applying voice pressure to certain words, interspersed with laughing and smiling to themselves, repeating certain words and muttering to say an unclear sentence. Whereas ASD subject with a medium intelligence level (ASDM) received information by reading the problem out loud with a rather rapid intonation of voice, without any eye contact with blank eyes. Whereas ASD subject with a low intelligence level (ASDL) received information by reading the problem rather loudly and reading piecemeal sentences. ASDH subject can store information and call back in three forms of visual representation, images, verbal and symbols. Information recalled by ASDM subject in two forms of visual representation, images and verbal. Information recalled by ASDL subject is only in one form of visual representation, in the form of images. ASDH subjects were able to understand well the meaning of the symbols that exist in the problem, while ASDM and ASDL subjects were not able to understand it. ASDH and ASDM subjects can understand well the adequacy of information in the problem, while ASDL subjects are unable to understand it. ASDH subjects were able to reduce information in the questions, while ASDM and ASDL subjects were not able. ASDH and ASDM subjects were able to understand well the patterns of the images in the problem while ASDL subjects were not able to understand them.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 1st UMGESHIC International Seminar on Health, Social Science and Humanities (UMGESHIC-ISHSSH 2020)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
21 October 2021
ISBN
10.2991/assehr.k.211020.038
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
10.2991/assehr.k.211020.038How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - N Fauziyah
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/10/21
TI  - Differences in the Cognitive Processes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Students in Understanding Mathematical Problems Based on the Level of Intelligence
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st UMGESHIC International Seminar on Health, Social Science and Humanities (UMGESHIC-ISHSSH 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 252
EP  - 261
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211020.038
DO  - 10.2991/assehr.k.211020.038
ID  - Fauziyah2021
ER  -