1.4 Prognostic Relevance of Augmentation Index in Prevalent Cardiovascular Disease and Total Mortality: Data From the General Population
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Objectives: To investigate the role of peripheral augmentation index (AIx) for the prediction of prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality in the general population in age- and sex- specific manner.
Methods: AIx was measured in 11,250 participants of the population-based Gutenberg Health Study by Endo-PAT device. For analysis, the study population was stratified by age and sex (men: <60/≥60 years; women: <55/≥55 years), since a non-linear increase in AIx with aging with a plateau-building at age of 55 years in women and at 60 years in men was observed.
Results: During the 8-yrs follow-up, a total of 584 deaths (382 men/202 women) occurred. In males, top tertile (T) of AIx was associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) in younger men was 2.30 (95% CI 1.41–3.76) and 1.42 (95% CI 1.09–1.85) among men ≥60 years (T3 vs T1/T2; adjusted for height, heart rate, CVD risk factors). No association was found in females. A stronger predictive ability was observed in younger males, with AIx values above the reference limit (HR 3.15 (95% CI 1.73–5.74), multivariable-adjusted). Finally, an increased AIx was also associated with almost 2-fold higher prevalence of CVD in males <60 years (Prevalence ratio 1.81 (95% CI 1.33–2.45) for T3 vs T1/T2; or 2.01 (95% CI 1.40–2.86) for AIx values above reference in a fully adjusted model), but not in older males or women.
Conclusion: Within the present analysis, AIx demonstrated a strong predictive value for prevalent CVD and worse survival in younger males, thereby underlying its clinical usefulness in this particular population.
- © 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Natalie Arnold AU - Tommaso Gori AU - Anika Gündling AU - Andreas Schulz AU - Jürgen H. Prochaska AU - Marina Panova-Noeva AU - Irene M. Schmidtmann AU - Norbert Pfeiffer AU - Manfred Beutel AU - Karl J. Lackner AU - Thomas Münzel AU - Philipp S Wild PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/15 TI - 1.4 Prognostic Relevance of Augmentation Index in Prevalent Cardiovascular Disease and Total Mortality: Data From the General Population JO - Artery Research SP - S3 EP - S3 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.003 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.003 ID - Arnold2020 ER -