5.5 A Femoral ‘Stealing’ Effect: Presence of Collateral Retrograde Blood Flow Redistribution in the Femoral Bifurcation During Reactive Hyperemia
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Background & Purpose: The femoral bifurcation houses complex flow recirculation that may be impacted by downstream peripheral resistance; however, conventional ultrasound is unable to quantify multi-directional flow to study these phenomena. The purpose of this study was to examine the multi-directional behavior of blood in the femoral bifurcation during reactive hyperemia (RH) using vector flow imaging.
Methods: Nine healthy adults (25 ± 4 years; 5 men) underwent high-frame-rate ultrasound imaging of their right femoral bifurcation at rest, and during the first cardiac cycle of RH after 5-min of 200 mmHg calf occlusion. Multi-angle Doppler ultrasound was used to qualitatively describe vector blood flow at 750 fps . The bifurcation region was isolated for blood vector dispersion analysis, an index of flow directionality .
Results: Blood flow during RH was characterized by near-constant anterograde blood flow to the superficial femoral artery (SFA), adjacent to low/oscillatory flow immediately proximal to the deep femoral artery (DFA) (Figure 1). We observed collateral blood flow redistribution in 3/9 participants, where blood from the DFA appeared to re-enter the SFA during the retrograde flow period. Bifurcation vector dispersion was reduced from baseline (0.53 ± 0.08 vs 0.67 ± 0.09; p < 0.01), but not eliminated, due to preservation of DFA flow reversal.
Conclusion: We demonstrate the presence of distinct, and potentially interacting, blood flow streams within the femoral bifurcation during RH. These observations were made possible by the emerging vector flow imaging technique to study complex hemodynamics in vivo, and suggest novel mechanisms by which blood is distributed to vascular beds, in extreme flow profiles.
- © 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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TY - JOUR AU - Jason Au AU - Robert Amelard AU - Billy Yiu AU - Hassan Nahas AU - Richard Hughson AU - Alfred Yu PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/15 TI - 5.5 A Femoral ‘Stealing’ Effect: Presence of Collateral Retrograde Blood Flow Redistribution in the Femoral Bifurcation During Reactive Hyperemia JO - Artery Research SP - S41 EP - S41 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.034 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.034 ID - Au2020 ER -