Artery Research

Volume 25, Issue Supplement 1, December 2019, Pages S39 - S39

5.3 Sex Differences in Blood Pressure in Young Adults: is it all About Body Size?

Authors
Shikai Yu1, Barry McDonnell2, Kaisa Maki-Petaja1, John Cockcroft2, Ian Wilkinson1, Carmel McEniery1, *
1University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
2Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK
*Corresponding author. Email: cmm41@cam.ac.uk
Corresponding Author
Carmel McEniery
Available Online 15 February 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.032How to use a DOI?
Abstract

Background: In young adults, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and hypertension rates are significantly lower in females than males, although the extent to which this is due to differences in body size (body surface area; BSA) is unclear. Cardiac output (CO), a key haemodynamic determinant of SBP in young adults, is tightly linked with body size, and typically lower in females. Therefore, we hypothesized that in young adults, CO mediates the association between BSA and SBP, and contributes to sex-related differences in SBP in young adults.

Methods: Complete data were available in 3145 healthy young adults (1558 males, 23 ± 6 years). Linear regression analyses were performed, followed by propensity score matching for BSA to investigate sex-related differences.

Results: BSA was significantly associated with SBP (BSA: β male = 0.337; β female = 0.286; p < 0.001 for both). The regression coefficients did not differ statistically (p = 0.8). Addition of CO to the regression models attenuated, but did not remove these associations (β male = 0.279; β female = 0.234, p < 0.001 for both). Matching males and females for BSA resulted in equivalent values of mean pressure between males and females (83 ± 9 vs 84 ± 12 mmHg, p = 0.8). Despite this sex differences in SBP (121 ± 11 vs 114 ± 13 mmHg), CO (7.8 ± 2.0 vs 6.9 ± 1.5 L/min) and peripheral vascular resistance (PVR, 926 ± 325 vs 1026 ± 275 dynes.sec.cm5) still remained (p < 0.001 for all).

Conclusion: CO partially mediates the association between BSA and SBP in healthy young adults. However, sex differences in SBP and its haemodynamic determinants remain after accounting for differences in body size. In particular, for a given level of body size and mean BP, PVR is disproportionately higher, and CO disproportionately lower, in females, which warrants further investigation.

Copyright
© 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
25 - 10
Pages
S39 - S39
Publication Date
2020/02
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.032How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Shikai Yu
AU  - Barry McDonnell
AU  - Kaisa Maki-Petaja
AU  - John Cockcroft
AU  - Ian Wilkinson
AU  - Carmel McEniery
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/02
TI  - 5.3 Sex Differences in Blood Pressure in Young Adults: is it all About Body Size?
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - S39
EP  - S39
VL  - 25
IS  - Supplement 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.032
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.032
ID  - Yu2020
ER  -