P12 Proliferation and Procoagulant Activity of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells from Thoracic and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms
- 10.2991/artres.k.191224.047How to use a DOI?
In contrast to abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), aneurysms of the thoracic ascending aorta (TAA) are not associated with a mural thrombus. Mechanistic understanding of the involvement of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in thrombus formation is lacking. We aim to determine (i) whether thrombin generation at the surface of VSMCs is increased in AAA, (ii) the contribution of the avb3 integrin as a receptor for prothrombin, (iii) the implication of protease activated receptor (PAR) activation in the thrombin generation, and (iv) the capacity of thrombin to induce VSMC proliferation. Primary cultures of VSMCs were prepared from human biopsies of TAA, AAA and healthy aorta (n = 11/group). In the presence of prothrombin deficient plasma, similar low levels of thrombin were formed on the 3 types of VSMCs. In the presence of healthy plasma, thrombin generation was higher on VSMCs from AAA and lower on VSMCs from TAA compared with controls. Incubation of VSMCs with a RGT peptide inhibiting the b3 signaling reduced the amount of thrombin in the 3 groups. Incubation of healthy VSMCs with a selective PAR-1 antagonist decreased thrombin generation. This inhibition was more pronounced for AAA (36%) than from TAA (17%). VSMCs from AAA were more sensitive to thrombin-induced proliferation than VSMCs from TAA. The prothrombotic phenotype and proliferation of VSMCs from AAA compared to TAA is mediated partly by PAR-1. This argues for a contribution of VSMC in the occurrence of thrombotic events in AAA. Thus, inhibition of PAR signaling represents a new target in this complex disease.
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TY - JOUR AU - Melusine Didelot AU - Jeremy Lagrange AU - Jean-Baptiste Michel AU - Patrick Lacolley AU - Veronique Regnault PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/15 TI - P12 Proliferation and Procoagulant Activity of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells from Thoracic and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms JO - Artery Research SP - S55 EP - S55 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.047 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.047 ID - Didelot2020 ER -