P59 Marked Differences in Cerebral Haemodynamics Obtained with Transcranial Doppler vs. 2-D Angle-corrected Ultrasound
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Introduction: The assessment of middle cerebral artery (MCA) haemodynamics is essential for the diagnosis and monitoring of cerebrovascular disease. However, conventional transcranial Doppler (TCD) may not capture the correct flow velocities because of sub-optimal angles of insonation. Conversely, 2-D ultrasound (2D-US) allows for the visualisation and angle-correction of MCA haemodynamics. Therefore, this study aimed to determine potential differences in MCA haemodynamics obtained with TCD and 2D-US.
Methods: MCA haemodynamics were obtained in a blinded, randomised order with TCD and 2D-US (non-angle-corrected = 2D-US-NON and angle-corrected = 2D-US-ANGLE) from the temporal left posterior window in twenty-seven healthy participants. Recordings were analysed for peak-systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (ED), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI). Statistical agreements between TCD and 2D-US were determined using linear regression, independent samples t-test and Bland-Altman analysis.
Results: MCA haemodynamics obtained with TCD explained less than 50% of the values obtained with 2D-US-NON & 2D-US-ANGLE, respectively (PSV r2 = 0.34 & 0.37; ED: r2 = 0.37 & 0.44; PI: r2 = 0.20 & 0.22; RI: r2 = 0.30 & 0.32). Compared with 2D-US-NON, TCD produced similar PSV (p = 0.65) but significantly higher ED (p < 0.0001), lower PI (p < 0.0001) and lower RI (p < 0.0001). 2D-US angle-correction resulted in a significantly higher PSV compared with TCD (p = 0.005) while all other differences remained. Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias between the two methods ranging from 11–40%, with large individual variability.
Conclusion: TCD and 2D ultrasound produce significantly different values for MCA haemodynamics, even when 2D-US is non-angle-corrected. This may have important implications when using indices of MCA haemodynamics in the evaluation of cerebrovascular disease.
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Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Christopher Brown AU - Mahfoudha Al Shezawi AU - Laura Watkeys AU - Maggie Munnery AU - Christopher Pugh AU - Eric Stöhr AU - Barry McDonnell PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/17 TI - P59 Marked Differences in Cerebral Haemodynamics Obtained with Transcranial Doppler vs. 2-D Angle-corrected Ultrasound JO - Artery Research SP - S100 EP - S100 VL - 25 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.191224.090 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.191224.090 ID - Brown2020 ER -