P.01 Where Does the Reflected Wave Observed in the Ascending Aorta Come from?
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.015How to use a DOI?
- 1D models; wave propagation; origin of reflections; pressure in the aortic root
Background: Wave reflections play a major role in changing the shape of the pressure waveform. Reflections measured at the aortic root (AR) are thought to be due to the tapering of the aorta  and multiple reflection sites, however, there is no consensus on the source of those reflected waves. This research aims to better understand the origin of the reflected waves observed in AR.
Methods: A 1D computational model of arterial wave propagation was used to study the reflections in an arterial network that consists of 37 segments of large arteries . A pulse was inserted in 3 peripheral vessels (Figure 1) and followed as it travelled back towards AR. A pressure ratio (PR) was described as the ratio between the pressure at AR to the inlet pressure to allow for comparisons between the effect of various reflected sites.
Results: The pulse wave lost its magnitude travelling back towards the heart. The pulse inserted from the iliac artery could hardly be observed in AR (Figure 2), and only 1% of the waves’ magnitude could be detected. PR of the wave inserted at the carotid artery is approximately 18 times larger than those generated at the iliac artery; both measured in the ascending aorta.
Conclusion: Waves reflected from the carotid bifurcation and the cerebral circulation are more likely to be seen in AR in comparison to reflected sites such as renal and iliac arteries. Further work is warranted to establish the contribution of reflections generated from various sites along the arterial bed.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Shima Abdullateef AU - Ashraf W. Khir PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - P.01 Where Does the Reflected Wave Observed in the Ascending Aorta Come from? JO - Artery Research SP - S20 EP - S21 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.015 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.015 ID - Abdullateef2020 ER -