P.14 Transcranial Colour Duplex Reveals Haemodynamically Significant Venous Flow Alterations Following Resection of Arteriovenous Malformation of the Brain
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.027How to use a DOI?
- Arteriovenous malformation; brain; venous
Background: Resection of a brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) can impose several post-operative challenges including post- operative haemorrhage (POH) . The mechanism of such complications remains controversial although deliberately inducing hypotension has proven successful for POH prevention . Daily non-invasive monitoring for patients may be useful in predicting POH. Transcranial color duplex (TCCD) and central aortic pressures (CAP) can be derived non-invasively providing pressure and haemodynamic measurements. These techniques may provide valuable insight into the process of vessel remodeling following bAVM resection.
Methods: This prospective study evaluated fifteen patients with bAVMs. CAP and TCCD were studied pre-operatively and then daily for up to 14 days post-operatively. CAP and TCCD parameters were compared with a group of normal volunteers and a control group of participants having craniotomies.
Results: The post-operative venous changes were dramatic and have not been previously studied. In the early post-operative period there was a marked prominence of venous flow adjacent to the middle cerebral artery. The venous signals demonstrated significantly increased velocities and pulsatility. Furthermore, two of the patients with sustained increased venous prominence, velocity, and pulsatility suffered a POH. After the initial period of post-operative venous flow alteration, the venous parameters returned to normal values.
Conclusion: These preliminary findings provide insight into vessel remodeling and elucidate the time frame for venous flow alterations after surgery. If confirmed in future validation studies, the period of increased venous velocity, pulsatility and prominence may correlate to the time at which patients are at risk of POH.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Kathryn Busch AU - Andrew Davidson AU - Mark Butlin AU - Alberto Avolio AU - Hosen Kiat PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - P.14 Transcranial Colour Duplex Reveals Haemodynamically Significant Venous Flow Alterations Following Resection of Arteriovenous Malformation of the Brain JO - Artery Research SP - S35 EP - S35 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.027 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.027 ID - Busch2020 ER -