P.53 Ascending Aorta Diameter and Pulse Wave Velocity are Increased and Local Hemodynamic is Disrupted in Patients with Blunt Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injury Treated by TEVAR
- 10.2991/artres.k.201209.063How to use a DOI?
- TEVAR; stiffness; hemodynamics; MRI
Background: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is becoming the preferred treatment option to repair the proximal descending aorta after rupture following blunt traumatic injury. However, hemodynamic and mechanic implications of this intervention are poorly understood. Exploiting the possibilities of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging, hemodynamics, stiffness and local dilation in the ascending aorta in patients following aortic repair by TEVAR are studied.
Methods: Fifteen apparently healthy individuals who underwent TEVAR implantation after traumatic descending aortic injury and 44 healthy volunteers (HV) underwent 4D flow-MRI. Ascending aorta pulse wave velocity was computed . Moreover, at eight planes equally distributed in the ascending aorta systolic flow reversal ratio, i.e. relative amount of backward flow during systole, and in-plane rotational flow, measuring the strength of helical flow, were computed [2,3].
Results: TEVAR patients and HV did not differ in terms of age, sex, BSA and blood pressure (Table). However, compared to HV, TEVAR patients showed reduced in-plane rotational flow in the distal ascending aorta in patients with TEVAR and increased backward systolic flow in the whole ascending aorta (Figure). Patients with TEVAR had a stiffer ascending aorta, with pulse wave velocity higher compared control (7.8 ± 4.2 vs 5.3 ± 1.9, p = 0.004). Finally, aortic root and ascending aorta diameters were larger in TEVAR patients compared to HV (Table).
Healthy volunteers TEVAR patients p N 44 15 Age [years] 40 ± 12 43 ± 10 0.392 Sex [% male] 66 80 0.075 Years from intervention [years] N/A 10.3 ± 6.4 N/A Body surface area [m2] 1.87 ± 0.15 1.96 ± 0.23 0.088 Systolic blood pressure [mmHg] 127 ± 19 131 ± 15 0.389 Diastolic blood pressure [mmHg] 70 ± 11 74 ± 9 0.198 Aortic root diameter [mm] 31 ± 4 34 ± 4 0.026 Ascending aorta diameter [mm] 28 ± 4 32 ± 3 0.003 Ascending aorta PWV [m/s] 5.3 ± 1.9 7.8 ± 4.2 0.004
Conclusions: The implantation of TEVAR in apparently healthy individuals after traumatic rupture of the proximal descending aorta is associated with altered hemodynamics, higher stiffness and larger aortic diameter in the region proximal to the TEVAR.
- © 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Andrea Guala AU - Daniel Gil Sala AU - Aroa Ruiz-Muñoz AU - Marvin Garcia-Reyes AU - Lydia Dux-Santoy AU - Gisela Teixido-Tura AU - Cristina Tello AU - Filipa Valente AU - Angela Lopez-Sainz AU - Laura Galian AU - Laura Gutierrez AU - Kevin Johnson AU - Oliver Wieben AU - Ignacio Ferreira AU - Arturo Evangelista AU - Sergi Bellmunt-Montoya AU - Jose Rodriguez-Palomares PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/31 TI - P.53 Ascending Aorta Diameter and Pulse Wave Velocity are Increased and Local Hemodynamic is Disrupted in Patients with Blunt Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injury Treated by TEVAR JO - Artery Research SP - S74 EP - S75 VL - 26 IS - Supplement 1 SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.063 DO - 10.2991/artres.k.201209.063 ID - Guala2020 ER -