International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems

Volume 12, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 1526 - 1536

Energy Analysis on Localization Free Routing Protocols in UWSNs

Authors
Yuvaraja Teekaraman*, Pranesh Sthapit, Miheung Choe, Kiseon Kim
Information Communication Convergence Research Center, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju City, South Korea 61005
*Corresponding author. Email: yuvarajastr@gist.ac.kr
Corresponding Author
Yuvaraja Teekaraman
Received 19 September 2019, Accepted 1 December 2019, Available Online 9 December 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.191203.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Localization free Routing protocols; Underwater wireless sensing network; Energy Analysis
Abstract

The challenges faced in underwater communication systems are limited bandwidth, Energy consumption rate, larger propagation delay time, End-End Delay (E-ED), 3D topology, media access control, routing, resource utilization and power constraints. These issues and challenges are solved by means of deploying the energy efficient protocol. The protocol can either be localization-based protocol or localization free protocol. In this paper, review of localization free protocols were discussed and reviewed with reference to environmental factors, data transmission rate, transmission efficiency, energy consumption rate, E-ED and propagation delay. The review analysis gives the pros and cons to give rise to the new directions of research for future improvements in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs). This manuscript propose a survey on localization free protocol according to the problem addressed or the major parameter considered during routing in UWSNs. Unlike the existing survey, the present survey focuses on present state and art of routing protocols, in terms of routing strategy issues addressed. The solutions of energy efficient protocol is arrived by highlighting the pros of each protocols. The description of routing strategy for each protocol is presented to understand its operation in an understandable form. The cons of each protocol is taken into consideration for further investigation and to arrive the best protocol. The presented routing strategy, pros and cons provide open challenges and research directions for future investigation.

Copyright
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems
Volume-Issue
12 - 2
Pages
1526 - 1536
Publication Date
2019/12/09
ISSN (Online)
1875-6883
ISSN (Print)
1875-6891
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.191203.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Yuvaraja Teekaraman
AU  - Pranesh Sthapit
AU  - Miheung Choe
AU  - Kiseon Kim
PY  - 2019
DA  - 2019/12/09
TI  - Energy Analysis on Localization Free Routing Protocols in UWSNs
JO  - International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems
SP  - 1526
EP  - 1536
VL  - 12
IS  - 2
SN  - 1875-6883
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.191203.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.191203.001
ID  - Teekaraman2019
ER  -