Journal of Artificial Intelligence for Medical Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 1-2, June 2021, Pages 85 - 96

Dosimetric Impact of Physician Style Variations in Contouring CTV for Postoperative Prostate Cancer: A Deep Learning–Based Simulation Study

Authors
Anjali BalagopalORCID, Dan NguyenORCID, Maryam MashayekhiORCID, Howard MorganORCID, Aurelie GarantORCID, Neil Desai, Raquibul Hannan, Mu-Han Lin, Steve Jiang*
Medical Artificial Intelligence and Automation (MAIA) Laboratory and Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 2280 Inwood Road, Dallas, TX, 75390-9303, USA
*Corresponding author. Email: Steve.Jiang@UTSouthwestern.edu
Corresponding Author
Steve Jiang
Received 31 January 2021, Accepted 22 June 2021, Available Online 11 July 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jaims.d.210623.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Treatment planning, Radiation therapy, Postoperative prostate cancer, Clinical tumor volume, Clinical workflow simulation, Deep learning
Abstract

Inter-observer variation is a significant problem in clinical target volume (CTV) segmentation in postoperative settings, where there is no gross tumor present. In this scenario, the CTV is not an anatomically established structure, but one determined by the physician based on the clinical guideline used, the preferred trade-off between tumor control and toxicity, their experience and training background, and other factors. This results in high inter-observer variability between physicians. This variability has been considered an issue, but the absence of multiple physician CTV contours for each patient and the significant amount of time required for dose planning based on each physician CTV have made it impractical to study its dosimetric consequences. In this study, we analyze the impact that variations in physician style have on dose to organs-at-risk (OAR) by simulating the clinical workflow via deep learning. For a given patient previously treated by one physician, we use deep learning–based tools to simulate how other physicians would contour the CTV and how the corresponding dose distributions would look for other physicians. To simulate multiple physician styles, we use a previously developed in-house CTV segmentation model that can produce physician style–aware segmentations. The corresponding dose distribution is predicted using another in-house deep learning tool, which, can predict dose within 3% of the prescription dose, on average, on the test data. For every test patient, four different physician style CTVs are considered, and four different dose distributions are analyzed. OAR dose metrics are compared, showing that even though physician style variations result in organs getting different doses, all the important dose metrics except maximum dose point are within the clinically acceptable limit.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Artificial Intelligence for Medical Sciences
Volume-Issue
2 - 1-2
Pages
85 - 96
Publication Date
2021/07/11
ISSN (Online)
2666-1470
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jaims.d.210623.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Anjali Balagopal
AU  - Dan Nguyen
AU  - Maryam Mashayekhi
AU  - Howard Morgan
AU  - Aurelie Garant
AU  - Neil Desai
AU  - Raquibul Hannan
AU  - Mu-Han Lin
AU  - Steve Jiang
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/07/11
TI  - Dosimetric Impact of Physician Style Variations in Contouring CTV for Postoperative Prostate Cancer: A Deep Learning–Based Simulation Study
JO  - Journal of Artificial Intelligence for Medical Sciences
SP  - 85
EP  - 96
VL  - 2
IS  - 1-2
SN  - 2666-1470
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jaims.d.210623.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jaims.d.210623.001
ID  - Balagopal2021
ER  -